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joint pain treatment in Delhi

Osteoarthritis: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment

If you feel pain in your joints, it may be due to osteoarthritis. But, to clear up any doubts, perhaps the time has come to look for the best rheumatologist in Delhi. Rheumatologists are the specialists in charge of treating this and other diseases of the bones and muscles.

Osteoarthritis is a painful joint disease that is frequently disabling and affects more than 10% of the population in our country. In fact, although it is believed to be a pathology related to the elderly, the reality is that more and more people are suffering from osteoarthritis problems in India. This ailment affects the joints, as a consequence of the progressive wear of the cartilage located at the beginning or at the end of the bones. Therefore, age is an obvious risk factor for the development of osteoarthritis. But not the only one.

There are genetic factors that are transmitted between descendants. That is, if your father, your mother or your grandparents have suffered this disease, you run a greater risk of having it at some point in your life. Sex —although it occurs in both men and women, it tends to appear earlier in them— and, especially, being overweight, are elements that powerfully influence their condition.

Given that bone wear is the cause that produces it, the passage of time and the effort that is required on the bones, to bear the additional load that an excessive weight produces, accelerate this deterioration and generate, much earlier, swelling, pain and reduced mobility in the joints that characterize this problem.

The appearance of this ailment can degenerate into a deformation of these parts of the body. Therefore, and given that prevention is the only effective way to combat it, it is essential to anticipate and detect the risk of suffering it as soon as possible, to apply palliative remedies as soon as possible.

Organs involved in rheumatic diseases

Surely you know that a rheumatologist in Delhi is the professional who treats diseases that affect the joints, resulting in inflammation and pain and requiring treatment. However, there are several pathologies of this nature that also involve very disparate organs.

Therefore, a rheumatologist in Delhi is not limited to comprehensive examinations to take care of your skeleton. If you go for the joint pain treatment in Delhi, it is most likely that, depending on your case, the rheumatologist will be interested in evaluating other aspects of your health. Autoimmune diseases make up a large group with more than 200 clinical entities. The common denominator of most of the diseases grouped in this category is the alteration of the immune system. As a consequence, the defense mechanisms that the body’s foreign molecules and cells should fight back against your tissues, inflaming and injuring them.

It is not uncommon for some of them to affect the tissues of the eye, triggering what is called uveitis. At the level of the cardiovascular system, these conditions can lead to injuries to the heart valves, the inner lining of the arteries or the pericardium, a fibrous tunic that surrounds the heart, causing pericarditis. In all these cases, you can also suffer from arteriosclerosis, which leads to premature coronary disease.

Another organ that is often damaged is the liver, which can suffer from autoimmune hepatitis exclusively related to this organ. It can also be damaged by a clinical entity such as lupus, which is generalized. Other organs that are involved in the evolution of several of these diseases are the pancreas, kidneys, skin and the membrane that covers the lungs, generating pleurisy, explains the rheumatologist in Delhi.

Symptoms of osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is one of the most common degenerative diseases affecting a large number of the population. The symptoms appear and are noticed little by little and with the passage of the years they increase. For this reason, it is very important that at the first signs and problems of osteoarthritis you go to consult a specialized rheumatologist in Delhi who will analyze your situation, determine the degree of osteoarthritis and decide on the best possible treatment.

At the beginning, osteoarthritis always manifests itself with pain, since when moving the joints the patient experiences discomfort, such as an uncomfortable pinch that prevents him from flexing with normality and customary functionality. Suddenly, something as normal as getting up from a sofa, reaching for a saucepan of water or simply getting out of bed becomes a problem because of the pain they cause. The joints that suffer the most from this disease are the hip, knee and hands.

Most of the patients who go to a joint pain specialist in Delhi to treat their osteoarthritis problems, they complain that staying in the same position for a long time, for example, going to the movies, taking a car trip or at bedtime, becomes an ordeal. Pain is often accompanied by swelling and numbness. Thus, patients with osteoarthritis usually notice the affected parts more swollen and more rigid. Sometimes when osteoarthritis is very advanced, the fingers or the affected joint begin to deform.

It is very important that, if you think you may suffer from osteoarthritis, at the first symptoms you go to a top rheumatologist in Delhi.

Causes of osteoarthritis

First of all, it must be clarified that the word osteoarthritis designates a disease caused by the wear and tear of the joints, which leads to inflammation, pain and inability to carry out certain tasks or even move in a general way. It is a chronic disease that affects all joints from the cartilage to the synovium. Likewise, osteoarthritis doctors in Delhi will tell you that you should not confuse osteoarthritis with arthritis, as this is nothing more than an inflammation of the joints, explains the rheumatologist in Delhi.

But what are the causes of osteoarthritis? Not only age influences, but also genetics, overweight, some diseases and the overload of the affected areas. At the beginning of the disease, the joints suffer pain due to one of the aforementioned causes, which, over time, causes dehydration, causing inflammation that ends with the degeneration of cartilage. This destruction causes friction between the bones causing their final wear.

The growth of this pathology in younger and younger people has alerted specialists. This increase in injuries to the locomotor system is due to the increase in the practice of sport in a massive way in recent times. The impact that athletes exert on their body often causes wear and tear on the joints that evolves into acute or chronic pain if we do not treat it in time. If this pathology is uncomfortable and painful in general, in the case of athletes it is aggravated by being limiting and disabling in their sporting exercise and even in their daily life. The disease affects more females than males. In addition, there is a tendency to mistakenly think that it is a disease of the elderly and that it has no cure, says the rheumatologist in Delhi.

Treatment of osteoarthritis

Treatments to relieve symptoms range from anti-inflammatory drugs to a series of physical exercises through physical therapy. In the most serious cases, an operation should be performed to avoid incapacitation of the patient.

Also, you can follow some tips that will ease your pain. For example, exercise moderately, use insoles, canes or shoes with soft and thick soles so that the joints rest better, eat a balanced diet and, when you feel pain, apply heat to the area.

The important thing, above all, is to receive adequate treatment early. So, if you feel pain in any of your joints, it is best to receive the opinion of a specialist rheumatologist in Delhi.

The rheumatologist in Delhi can make a proper diagnosis and indicate the best treatment to follow, if necessary. Likewise, he will give you some indications to alleviate those symptoms of pain or stiffness, so annoying in this type of disease.

rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis These Days

Among the autoimmune rheumatic diseases, perhaps rheumatoid arthritis is the pathology most known to the population. Or, at least, it is a disease that is heard about quite often. Despite being considered an uncommon disease, it is estimated that there are 7 million people affected by rheumatoid arthritis in India.

Rheumatoid arthritis occurs due to a dysregulation of the immune system, resulting in chronic inflammation in the joints that leads to the destruction of these structures. This inflammation can also occur in other parts of the body, such as in the eyes, lungs, peripheral nerves, and skin.

Historically, when we talk about rheumatoid arthritis, we imagine a person suffering, in pain, in a wheelchair, dependent, with deformed joints. This is how rheumatoid arthritis affected the lives of renowned artists, such as the French painter Renoir and the French singer Édith Piaf, whose weight of the disease is known to have marked their biographies.

However, thanks to advances in early diagnosis and the effectiveness of current arthritis treatment in Delhi, the lives of people with rheumatoid arthritis today are very different from the suffering experienced in the past.

Today, it is known the importance of early diagnosis to institute treatment quickly, following the same reasoning as an early cancer diagnosis. It is known that the sooner we start treating rheumatoid arthritis, the greater the control over the disease. This control means that the complications of the untreated disease will be avoided, especially the joint deformities, which lead to a great loss in the day-to-day functions and loss of quality of life.

Like many other chronic diseases, the onset of rheumatoid arthritis can be very subtle. It is important to pay attention to persistent pain, especially accompanied by swelling, in small joints of the hands, wrists and feet, which are worse in the morning, which alleviate throughout the day. There may be a picture of prolonged sensation, for more than an hour, of morning stiffness, where the joints are very difficult to move. Tiredness and fatigue can occur simultaneously with joint pain. All people with this type of complaint should be evaluated by the best rheumatologist in Delhi. Based on findings from the conversation with the patient, the clinical examination and with the aid of some specific laboratory tests and also suitable imaging methods, the arthritis specialist in Delhi can make the diagnosis of the disease and start the treatment of the patient.

As rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic health problem, it is very important that there is a partnership between the patient and his arthritis specialist in Delhi. Treatment involves the use of medications that act on the immune system and requires regular and frequent monitoring. At each visit, the top rheumatologist in Delhi makes adjustments to the treatment according to the patient’s clinical response. These adjustments must occur in relatively short intervals of time, in order to achieve adequate doses of medications and maximum control of the disease. Keeping the disease under control, the joints are preserved, their function is maintained, there is quality life. The rheumatologist in Delhi is the physician with the knowledge and experience to conduct the follow-up of people with rheumatoid arthritis and even to diagnose this disease among so many others that can also manifest themselves with joint pain. Although there is still no cure for this disease, the progress in this area of ​​medicine allows people to live well, study, play sports, work, take care of their families. The secret is, of course, in early diagnosis and specialized care.

Rheumatic polymyalgia

Rheumatic polymyalgia, rheumatism of the elderly that we need to know!

The story is not uncommon: an elderly person begins to experience joint pain in the upper and lower limbs, fatigue, discouragement and even weight loss. 

Although very common, musculoskeletal complaints in the elderly are often underestimated and, therefore, underdiagnosed and insufficiently treated.

Today’s text calls attention to a disease with a difficult name, however, more common than imagined and relatively simple diagnosis and treatment, provided that the patient in question is correctly referred to the Rheumatologist in Delhi.

It is Polymyalgia Rheumatica, a systemic inflammatory disease that affects musculoskeletal tissues mainly around the joints of the shoulders and hips, and which is clinically characterized by pain and stiffness in the regions of the shoulders and hips.

The disease is characterized by onset in individuals over 50 years of age, but it is more common over 70 years of age. Due to the intense inflammation that the same cause, the symptoms are more intense in the morning, and there may be fatigue, weight loss and even associated fever. When very intense, these symptoms can be frightening, and often those affected can be extensively investigated for the possibility of Neoplasia before reaching the diagnosis of Polymyalgia Rheumatica, says arthritis doctor in Delhi.

The diagnosis of this disease is eminently clinical, and, therefore, the role of the best rheumatologist in Delhi is essential for rapid diagnosis and arthritis treatment in Delhi, avoiding suffering and unnecessary exams and preventing the feared complication of Polymyalgia Rheumatica known as Temporal (or Giant Cell) Arteritis, an inflammation of vessels that can lead to blindness quickly if treatment is delayed, and that can occur in up to 20% of patients with Polymyalgia Rheumatica.

In the complementary investigation, the inflammatory tests of these patients (ESR and C-reactive protein) are markedly elevated, corroborating the inflammatory nature of the disease.

After the correct diagnosis of Polymyalgia Rheumatica, treatment is done with corticosteroids and the response is usually excellent and very fast, with significant improvement of symptoms in the first days of using the medication. After the initial treatment, the corticosteroid is weaned slowly and the patient must be monitored clinically and laboratory to determine whether or not other medications are needed.

As a final reminder, if you have a family member or know an elderly person with persistent joint pain and recent onset, suggest that they see a arthritis specialist in Delhi immediately. The symptoms can be indicative of an underlying intense inflammatory process and with dire consequences.

rheumatic diseases

14 Warning Signs For Rheumatic Diseases

The rheumatic diseases include diseases that affect the musculoskeletal system, that is, joints, bones, muscles, cartilage, tendons and ligaments.

Popularly known as rheumatism, they affect more than 15 million people worldwide , according to data from the World Health Organization.

Due to the consequences they can generate on the health and quality of life of the sick, it is important to know the signs of the existence of rheumatic diseases in order to start treatment as soon as possible. Below are some signs to pay attention and seek medical help from arthritis doctor in Delhi.

14 signs that may indicate the presence of rheumatic diseases

In addition to  joint pain, which is considered one of the most common symptoms, there are signs that many people do not even know are related to rheumatic diseases. Check out!

  1. swelling, redness and heat in the joints (joints);
  2. swollen hands;
  3. difficulty to move;
  4. stiffness in the joints upon waking;
  5. decreased spine flexibility;
  6. nocturnal back pain in young patients;
  7. limitation to comb hair or brush teeth;
  8. muscle fatigue;
  9. reddish, dry eyes, as well as sensitivity to light;
  10. dry mouth;
  11. extremities of the body that are more sensitive to cold, such as feet, hands and ears, which can easily be numb;
  12. reduced feeling of touch;
  13. bluish-colored skin, known as  raynaud phenomenon;
  14. changes in the oral condition, such as oral ulceration, gingivitis and periodontitis.

As some rheumatic diseases have similar symptoms, consultation with a arthritis specialist in Delhi is essential for the appropriate treatment for that identified disease. Find out which are the most common.

What are the main rheumatic diseases

According to the  best rheumatologist in Delhi, there are more than 100 rheumatic diseases. None of them are transmissible and are usually accompanied by pain. Among them, the best known are:

It is important to note that, unlike what many people imagine, rheumatisms do not only affect the elderly. In fact, they can occur at any age, including childhood, as is the case with  juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

What can cause rheumatic diseases?

Genetic, immunological and infectious factors are considered the main causes for the onset or worsening of diseases. However, there are several other factors related to the development of rheumatic diseases, namely:

  • obesity;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • traumatisms;
  • stress, anxiety and depression;
  • sudden climate change.

The importance of early diagnosis

Because these are diseases that are still little known, many people ignore the evidence. However, it is important to give due attention, because the lack of treatment can lead to physical disability.

According to rheumatologist in Delhi, rheumatic diseases are already the second leading cause of absence from work and the third cause of early retirement due to disability.

Another reason that demonstrates the importance of early diagnosis is the fact that the symptoms of diseases tend to get much worse as they progress. In addition to the pain itself, the person finds it difficult to perform movements and tasks considered normal, from bending over to brushing their hair.

Thus, early diagnosis and arthritis treatment in Delhi are essential to minimize joint damage, thus preserving joint function and a full professional and family life.

Prevention tips

In addition to early diagnosis, it is of paramount importance to modify some habits in order to, as far as possible, prevent the onset of rheumatic diseases. Some tips are:

  • stay at the appropriate weight for your height;
  • adopt a healthy diet rich in calcium;
  • practice physical activity regularly;
  • wear suitable shoes;
  • maintain a correct posture;
  • do muscle relaxation and stretching exercises throughout the day;
  • meditate, keep your beliefs;
  • avoid excessive efforts.
rheumatologist in Delhi

Rheumatic Diseases

Many times, people talk about “rheumatism” as if it were a specific pathology, but the truth is that it is a concept that groups various diseases that affect the musculoskeletal system. The best known are arthritis and osteoarthritis, although there are more than 250 different types. They are highly prevalent diseases: in India, 1 in 4 people over 20 years of age says they have gone to (or made an appointment with) an arthritis doctor in Delhi and have taken any medicine for a month or more in the last year for any bone or joint problem.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF RHEUMATIC DISEASES?

Rheumatic diseases can affect joints, muscles, bones or tendons, as well as other structures of the locomotor system. The main symptoms are the following:

  • Pain. It is the most recurrent symptom. The location will depend on the type of rheumatic disease that is suffered, for example, if the joints are affected you will feel pain in the knees or hands. It may appear only at specific times, especially when the affected areas of the body are used a lot, but it can also be a persistent sensation that even prevents the sleep of those who suffer it.
  • Stiffness or numbness. The pain can be accompanied by stiffness and numbness, especially when you start to move the affected body part (morning stiffness), and it usually subsides after some time has passed.
  • Punctures. Sometimes the pain can be in the form of pinpricks, either isolated or intermittent.
  • Heaviness and tiredness. The fatigue can be localized, that is, that only one part of the body hurts, or general.
  • Swelling or swelling in the joints. Very often, when rheumatic disease affects the joints, there is inflammation in the affected areas. This is due to an accumulation of synovial fluid in the atrial cavity.
  • Other symptoms: Alterations in other organs (extra-articular manifestations), loss of appetite, weight loss or fever may also occur.

If you feel joint pain (or muscles, tendons …), there is inflammation in the painful area or a loss of strength is noted, it is important to see a rheumatologist in Delhi. Many times, it is the primary care doctors themselves who diagnose the disease, but the specialist in this case is the best rheumatologist in Delhi.

DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT

The diagnosis is made through clinical observation and a questionnaire by the arthritis specialist in Delhi, in addition to diagnostic tests such as laboratory tests (blood tests), x-rays or ultrasounds.

Regarding arthritis treatment in Delhi, the vast majority is based on pain relievers and anti-inflammatories. However, there are many different types of rheumatic diseases, so joint pain treatment in Delhi will depend on what structures are affected and what the origin of the condition is. For example, there are rheumatisms that are due to autoimmune activity, that is, when the defence system turns against the body itself causing inflammation of the joints and, therefore, they are treated with drugs that normalize the activity of the system.

TYPES OF RHEUMATIC DISEASES

There are diseases that we all easily associate with rheumatism, such as rheumatoid arthritis, but there are many others that we do not usually associate. Here are some of the most common:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis: This is a chronic inflammation in the tissue that lines the inside of the joints (synovial membrane). It is characterized by causing pain that does not improve with rest, swelling and stiffness, especially in the morning.
  • Osteoarthritis: Although it is often confused with arthritis, it is a very different disease. In this case, the affected tissue is articular cartilage, which is injured by wear and tear and produces pain with movement that improves with rest.
  • Osteoporosis: Yes, osteoporosis is a type of rheumatic disease, since the bones are part of the locomotor system. This disease is characterized by decreased bone density, leading to increased bone fragility.
  • Myopathies: Myopathies are caused by abnormalities in the muscles and cause muscle pain and functional limitation.
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus: It is a type of lupus that can affect many organs. It is a chronic autoimmune disease that manifests itself in the form of outbreaks. The most affected structures are usually the skin and the joints.
  • Systemic sclerosis: Like lupus, it is also autoimmune and chronic. There is an alteration in collagen, a protein substance that supports the organs and tissues of the body. Symptoms are tightening of the skin and organs that are affected.
  • Fibromyalgia: It is a disease of unknown origin in which fatigue and general pain are felt without there being any injury causing it.
Systemic Sclerosis

Systemic Sclerosis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

The systemic sclerosis also known as scleroderma, is a chronic autoimmune disease that primarily affects the skin.

Systemic sclerosis or scleroderma, in addition to affecting the skin, can affect the internal organs (lungs, intestines, kidney or heart). Skin changes are caused by the increase and accumulation of collagen fibers and other proteins. The skin is sclerous (it becomes hard and rigid).

At first, the injuries consist of an inflammation, which later turns into a hardening.

Systemic sclerosis also hinders blood supply by occluding the small arteries and capillaries that carry blood to the tissues, explains the best rheumatologist in Delhi.

What are the usual symptoms?

The most visible effects are skin lesions. It usually begins with a slight swelling of the skin of the hands and feet, sometimes also of the face, which is spreading. Subsequently, the skin becomes stiff and hard, becomes difficult to pinch, and sometimes limits joint movements.

However, in those with whole-body involvement, scars and thickening extend to the underlying structures (fat, muscle, and rarely bone). There are usually changes in the color of the hands that, when exposed to the cold, become excessively pale and later purplish, sometimes accompanied by pain or tingling. These symptoms are called Raynaud’s phenomenon. Poor circulation can cause serious damage, such as ulcers on the fingers or gangrene.

There may be dilated blood vessels on the face, hands, nail folds, and other places. Some patients develop calcium deposits (calcinosis) on the skin and other organs such as the lungs, muscles, and kidneys.

Systemic sclerosis can also lead to joint pain, fatigue, digestive problems, such as difficulty swallowing, heartburn, constipation or diarrhea, and cardiorespiratory problems such as respiratory distress, hypertension, or chest pain, states the top rheumatologist in Delhi.

The most common symptoms are:

  • Morphea.
  • Rigid and hard skin.
  • Joint pain
  • Raynaud’s phenomenon.

How is it diagnosed?

The diagnosis is made through a specialized medical examination by the rheumatologist in Delhi, which will include a report of the symptoms, a skin examination and a general examination.

Complementary examinations are always performed such as analysis and a chest x-ray, and only in some cases other digestive or cardiorespiratory tests.

The purpose of these tests is to better classify the type of disease and assess its severity and extent.

How do we treat it?

No drug has been shown to be effective in 100% of patients with systemic sclerosis, although there are partial responses to immunosuppressants in cases of systemic involvement.

Treatment of the inflammatory stage of the skin lesion usually requires the administration of corticosteroids.

Pulmonary interstitial involvement may improve, initially, with oral cyclophosphamide / mycophenolate mofetil and steroids.

In the case of pulmonary hypertension, calcium blockers, prostacyclin, or the like can be used.

Gastrointestinal involvement improves with anti-reflux postural measures, H2 blockers, prokinetics, and erythromycin. Broad spectrum antibiotics can be used for malabsorption.

Calcium blockers together with antiplatelet agents are effective in Raynaud’s phenomenon.

Regular monitoring of blood pressure is essential in patients with diffuse sclerosis. Treatment should be started when blood pressure is above 140/90 mmHg. Cases of marked calcinosis may require microsurgery.

For the treatment of muscle involvement, the use of corticosteroids is recommended in vigorous guidelines.

The treatment of arthralgias, arthritis or tenosynovitis requires the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and rest. The use of local infiltrations can be very useful.

Gout

WHAT IS GOUT? SYMPTOMS, CAUSES AND TREATMENTS

The gout is a rheumatic disease that affects between 1% to 2% of a population. It is produced by the formation of urate crystals in the tissues and in the joints. Crystals cause an inflammatory response that usually affects the most distal parts of the body, since they are the coldest areas. For this reason, the foot is the member that is most affected, specifically, the big toe, says the best rheumatologist in Delhi.

Normally, uric acid dissolves in the blood and is excreted in the urine. If blood levels rise, crystals can begin to form in the joints and under the skin, which is known as gout. So, gout is a disorder of metabolism. But…

What are the reasons why we suffer “gout”?

The gout may appear in the foot by two main causes:

  • A super production of uric acid.
  • The kidney does not correctly eliminate the uric acid that our body secretes.

They usually suffer from adults from the age of 40. The men are more likely, in fact suffer from this problem only 25% of women and the vast majority of menopausal age.

As a curiosity, add that blood uric acid values of 2.4 mg / dl and 6.0 mg / dl (for women) and between 3.4 and 7.0 mg / dl (for men) are considered normal.

SYMPTOMS AND DIAGNOSIS

The most frequent symptoms that can indicate that the patient suffers from gout are:

  • Appearance of pain in any joint of the foot. This pain appears suddenly. Patients often say phrases like “I went to bed well and have gotten up without being able to walk”, etc.
  • Pain increases at night. The pain is usually greater at night since the joints, when at rest, are at a lower temperature.
  • The affected area has an unusual appearance. The area is usually hot, red, sometimes inflamed and with a lack of mobility, rigid.

In addition to the symptoms described above, the rheumatologist in Delhi performs various diagnostic tests such as an analytical test to check uric acid levels in the blood. However, it should be noted that, in many cases, when there is a gout attack, the blood levels are fine. For this reason, the expert may take a sample of the liquid from one of the affected areas to verify in the laboratory if it contains uric acid crystals.

CAUSES OF THE GOUT

Some of the pathologies that the patient may suffer, along with certain habits, increase the risk of suffering this ailment. Therefore, there are factors that increase the risk of gout since they raise the level of uric acid. Here are some of them:

  • Arterial hypertension.
  • Drinking Alcohol.
  • Kidney failure, the kidneys do not remove waste well.
  • Eating foods rich in purines, since this substance breaks down into uric acid.
  • Having relatives with this disease, that is, the genetic factor influences.
  • Having hypothyroidism or the thyroid gland with low activity.
  • Having a medical problem that causes the cells to reproduce or eliminate faster than usual, such as psoriasis, hemolytic anemia or cancer.
  • Taking diuretic medications for high blood pressure or coronary problems.
  • Obesity and overweight.

TIPS TO AVOID THE GOUT

The Gout treatment in Delhi can be based on drugs of different nature and involves reducing the pain of gout attacks, help prevent and avoid damage irreversible in the joints. The objective is to decrease uric acid levels in the blood, and for this we leave you with a series of recommendations:

  • Make an early diagnosis. For this, it is necessary to go to the arthritis specialist in Delhi to determine the appropriate treatment, since there may be, as we have said, collateral damage at the renal and / or coronary level, with more possibilities of suffering vascular problems that may affect the heart and brain.
  • Take care of diet and lifestyle avoiding sedentary lifestyle. It is important to have a diet low in purines and reduced in salt to prevent the kidney from overworking. For this reason, we leave you some dietary recommendations:

We must avoid eating:

  • Foods rich in purines such as red meat, sausages, organ meats, blue fish, seafood or cured cheese.
  • Vegetables like tomato, asparagus, spinach, and bell pepper.
  • Alcohol (including beer) and sugary drinks.
  • The salt.

It is positive to eat:

  • Fruits like cherries, bananas, apples, lemon and orange.
  • Vegetables that contain apigenin such as celery, onion or garlic, among others. Some medicinal plants such as chamomile, horsetail or thyme also contain this substance, so it is advisable to take these teas.
  • Drink plenty of water.

SUMMARIZING…

Following these tips will help the patient avoid gout as much as possible. However, you have to take certain information into account when talking about this problem:

  • In general, a gout attack usually improves within 5 to 10 days.
  • People who have had gout at other times are very likely to have it again after a few months or years. Also, these repeated attacks can last longer and occur more often.
  • If left untreated, it is very likely that the gout will advance and cause permanent joint pain, potentially damaging the kidneys.

In case of suffering the symptoms, you are advised to go to a rheumatologist in Delhi. A gout attack is a slight ailment but, in extreme cases, behind all this we could find a major metabolic problem. Furthermore, an early diagnosis with the appropriate solution could avoid more important injuries at the renal and vascular level, and permanent pain in the joints.

Difference Between Arthritis and Osteoarthritis

The rheumatic diseases comprise a large number of medical disorders of the musculoskeletal and connective tissue. The doctor who attends the specialty is the Rheumatologist in Delhi, who treats, above all, the pathologies related to the set of bones, muscles, and joints, as well as metabolic diseases that affect the bones, such as osteoporosis.

Arthritis, which involves actual joint inflammation and therefore pain and swelling thereof, is a manifestation of rheumatic diseases more complex, usually such autoimmune, such as systemic lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, although it can occur in metabolic diseases like gout. At present, about 100 diseases with arthritis have been defined, says arthritis specialist in Delhi.

Perhaps because of this complexity or because of its direct relationship with the joints, the population tends to confuse this pathology, arthritis, which always implies inflammation, with another very frequent rheumatic disease, osteoarthritis, which is a chronic disease that also affects the joints, but degenerative and often related to age.

According to the best rheumatologist in Delhi, osteoarthritis is the disease of the joints that most affect Indians. In addition, it is women who suffer most from this rheumatic disease.

rheumatologist in Delhi

Symptoms and Causes of arthritis

The arthritis is a sign of inflammation, the presence of which leads to the doctor to a very specific group of diseases of various kinds, which are the inflammatory diseases.

An important group of them are autoimmune or systemic diseases, which are characterized by predominant women (often appear between the third and fourth decade of life) and can affect internal organs and cause manifestations according to the affected organ. Although, in general, there have been great advances in the knowledge of these diseases and in arthritis treatment in Delhi, especially with the new biological drugs.

Another group is that of arthritis by deposit, such as gout, which is characterized by deposition in the joints of monosodium urate or uric acid.

Arthritis can affect people of any age, including children (juvenile arthritis). Your symptoms include:

  • Continuous pain, even at rest
  • Joint stiffness of prolonged morning predominance (more than 1 hour)
  • Possible swelling, with inflammatory synovial effusion
  • Difficulties to move any joint
  • Other symptoms that vary according to the different types of arthritis, which may appear on the skin or organs.

Among its causes or risk factors, hereditary/genetic factors and defects in the immune system are important. But there are negative factors that patients should avoid:

  • Overweight, since fat can be a pro-inflammatory factor and alter the functioning of effective drugs.
  • Snuff. It has been shown to negatively influence the occurrence of some of these diseases, such as systemic lupus and rheumatoid arthritis and also affects the effectiveness of arthritis treatment in Delhi.

On the other hand, it is advisable to perform an adequate exercise, initially supervised, to avoid joint stiffness and muscle weakness.

Symptoms and causes of osteoarthritis

The osteoarthritis, unlike arthritis, is a degenerative disease, usually related to wearing and/or aging of the joints. The deterioration of the articular cartilage causes the bones to wear away and pain and deformations appear, explains arthritis doctor in Delhi.

Its symptoms are very diverse and progressively evolve over time:

  • Joint pain related to movements.
  • Limitation of movements.
  • Crunches
  • Morning stiffness (less than 1 hour).
  • Occasionally, joint effusion, mechanical or non-inflammatory.
  • Possible joint deformities, some features such as those located in the distal joint of the fingers.

In this case, knowledge of some of the risk factors for the disease can help prevent or reduce symptoms:

  • The age.
  • Sex (osteoarthritis affects women more)
  • Genetics.
  • Depending on the work activity (due to the need to perform very repetitive movements for a long time or the overload maintained).
  • The elite sport.
  • Obesity (may aggravate the disease, especially of the knee)
  • The fractures and injuries.

In summary, the main differences between arthritis and osteoarthritis lie in: the nature of the pathologies, arthritis is an inflammatory disease and degenerative osteoarthritis. In the case of osteoarthritis, some of its risk factors can be prevented; predominates in knees, hands, hip, and spine; But in both cases, in recent years there have been advances in best arthritis treatment in Delhi, which are improving the quality of life of these patients.

Therefore, it is advisable to visit the Rheumatologist in Delhi, for early diagnosis that starts the best available treatment as soon as possible, to try to stop the evolution of these diseases.