Kidney Transplant: How it works and What are the risks?

Kidney Transplant: How it works and What are the risks?

Kidney transplant in Delhi aims to restore renal function by replacing a sick kidney with a healthy kidney from a healthy and compatible donor.

Generally, kidney transplantation is used as a acute renal failure treatment in Delhi or in the case of patients who do several hemodialysis sessions per week. Transplantation usually lasts between 4 and 6 hours and is not very suitable for people who have injury in other organs, such as cirrhosis, cancer or heart problems, as it can increase the risks of the surgical procedure.

How the transplant is done?

Renal transplantation is indicated by the nephrologist in Delhi in cases of multiple hemodialysis per week or, more often, advanced chronic kidney disease after renal function analysis by laboratory tests. The transplanted kidney can be from a living donor without any disease, and may or may not be related to the patient, or from an already deceased donor, in this case the donation can only be made after confirmation of brain death and authorization of the family.

The donor kidney is removed along with a portion of the artery, vein and ureter, using a small incision in the abdomen by the kidney transplant doctor in Delhi. Thus, the transplanted kidney is placed in the receptor, the portions of the vein and artery are linked to the veins and arteries of the receptor and the transplanted ureter is linked to the patient’s bladder. The non-functional kidney of the transplanted person is usually not taken away, as its little function is useful when the transplanting kidney is not yet completely functional. The sick kidney is only removed if it is causing infection, for example.

Kidney transplantation is performed according to the patient’s health conditions, and is not very indicated in people who have heart, liver or infectious diseases, for example, because it can increase the risks of the surgical procedure, explains the nephrologist in Noida.

How to assess whether transplantation is compatible?

Before the transplant is performed, blood tests should be performed in order to verify the compatibility of the kidneys to thus reduce the chances of organ rejection. Thus, donors may or may not be related to the patient who will be transplanted, as long as there is compatibility, explains the nephrologist in Gurgaon.

How is the postoperative?

Recovery after kidney transplantation is simple and lasts about three months, and the person should be hospitalized for one week so that possible signs of reaction to the surgical process can be observed closely and treatment can be done immediately. In addition, during the three months it is indicated not to perform physical activities and perform weekly tests during the first month, spaced for two monthly consultations until the 3rd month due to the risk of rejection of the organ by the body.

The use of antibiotics is usually indicated after surgery to prevent possible infections, and immunosuppressive medications, to prevent organ rejection. These medicines should be used in accordance with medical advice by the nephrologist in Delhi.

Possible Risks and Complications

Some complications of kidney transplantation may be:

  • Rejection of the transplanted organ;
  • Generalized infections;
  • Thrombosis or lymphocele;
  • Fistula or urinary obstruction.

To avoid serious complications, the patient should be aware of warning signs that include fever greater than 38ºC, burning when urinating, weight gain in a short time, frequent cough, diarrhoea, difficulty breathing or swelling, heat and redness at the wound site. It is also essential to avoid contact with sick people and polluted places and make a correct and adapted diet, advises the kidney specialist in Noida.