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rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis These Days

Among the autoimmune rheumatic diseases, perhaps rheumatoid arthritis is the pathology most known to the population. Or, at least, it is a disease that is heard about quite often. Despite being considered an uncommon disease, it is estimated that there are 7 million people affected by rheumatoid arthritis in India.

Rheumatoid arthritis occurs due to a dysregulation of the immune system, resulting in chronic inflammation in the joints that leads to the destruction of these structures. This inflammation can also occur in other parts of the body, such as in the eyes, lungs, peripheral nerves, and skin.

Historically, when we talk about rheumatoid arthritis, we imagine a person suffering, in pain, in a wheelchair, dependent, with deformed joints. This is how rheumatoid arthritis affected the lives of renowned artists, such as the French painter Renoir and the French singer Édith Piaf, whose weight of the disease is known to have marked their biographies.

However, thanks to advances in early diagnosis and the effectiveness of current arthritis treatment in Delhi, the lives of people with rheumatoid arthritis today are very different from the suffering experienced in the past.

Today, it is known the importance of early diagnosis to institute treatment quickly, following the same reasoning as an early cancer diagnosis. It is known that the sooner we start treating rheumatoid arthritis, the greater the control over the disease. This control means that the complications of the untreated disease will be avoided, especially the joint deformities, which lead to a great loss in the day-to-day functions and loss of quality of life.

Like many other chronic diseases, the onset of rheumatoid arthritis can be very subtle. It is important to pay attention to persistent pain, especially accompanied by swelling, in small joints of the hands, wrists and feet, which are worse in the morning, which alleviate throughout the day. There may be a picture of prolonged sensation, for more than an hour, of morning stiffness, where the joints are very difficult to move. Tiredness and fatigue can occur simultaneously with joint pain. All people with this type of complaint should be evaluated by the best rheumatologist in Delhi. Based on findings from the conversation with the patient, the clinical examination and with the aid of some specific laboratory tests and also suitable imaging methods, the arthritis specialist in Delhi can make the diagnosis of the disease and start the treatment of the patient.

As rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic health problem, it is very important that there is a partnership between the patient and his arthritis specialist in Delhi. Treatment involves the use of medications that act on the immune system and requires regular and frequent monitoring. At each visit, the top rheumatologist in Delhi makes adjustments to the treatment according to the patient’s clinical response. These adjustments must occur in relatively short intervals of time, in order to achieve adequate doses of medications and maximum control of the disease. Keeping the disease under control, the joints are preserved, their function is maintained, there is quality life. The rheumatologist in Delhi is the physician with the knowledge and experience to conduct the follow-up of people with rheumatoid arthritis and even to diagnose this disease among so many others that can also manifest themselves with joint pain. Although there is still no cure for this disease, the progress in this area of ​​medicine allows people to live well, study, play sports, work, take care of their families. The secret is, of course, in early diagnosis and specialized care.

rheumatic diseases

14 Warning Signs For Rheumatic Diseases

The rheumatic diseases include diseases that affect the musculoskeletal system, that is, joints, bones, muscles, cartilage, tendons and ligaments.

Popularly known as rheumatism, they affect more than 15 million people worldwide , according to data from the World Health Organization.

Due to the consequences they can generate on the health and quality of life of the sick, it is important to know the signs of the existence of rheumatic diseases in order to start treatment as soon as possible. Below are some signs to pay attention and seek medical help from arthritis doctor in Delhi.

14 signs that may indicate the presence of rheumatic diseases

In addition to  joint pain, which is considered one of the most common symptoms, there are signs that many people do not even know are related to rheumatic diseases. Check out!

  1. swelling, redness and heat in the joints (joints);
  2. swollen hands;
  3. difficulty to move;
  4. stiffness in the joints upon waking;
  5. decreased spine flexibility;
  6. nocturnal back pain in young patients;
  7. limitation to comb hair or brush teeth;
  8. muscle fatigue;
  9. reddish, dry eyes, as well as sensitivity to light;
  10. dry mouth;
  11. extremities of the body that are more sensitive to cold, such as feet, hands and ears, which can easily be numb;
  12. reduced feeling of touch;
  13. bluish-colored skin, known as  raynaud phenomenon;
  14. changes in the oral condition, such as oral ulceration, gingivitis and periodontitis.

As some rheumatic diseases have similar symptoms, consultation with a arthritis specialist in Delhi is essential for the appropriate treatment for that identified disease. Find out which are the most common.

What are the main rheumatic diseases

According to the  best rheumatologist in Delhi, there are more than 100 rheumatic diseases. None of them are transmissible and are usually accompanied by pain. Among them, the best known are:

It is important to note that, unlike what many people imagine, rheumatisms do not only affect the elderly. In fact, they can occur at any age, including childhood, as is the case with  juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

What can cause rheumatic diseases?

Genetic, immunological and infectious factors are considered the main causes for the onset or worsening of diseases. However, there are several other factors related to the development of rheumatic diseases, namely:

  • obesity;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • traumatisms;
  • stress, anxiety and depression;
  • sudden climate change.

The importance of early diagnosis

Because these are diseases that are still little known, many people ignore the evidence. However, it is important to give due attention, because the lack of treatment can lead to physical disability.

According to rheumatologist in Delhi, rheumatic diseases are already the second leading cause of absence from work and the third cause of early retirement due to disability.

Another reason that demonstrates the importance of early diagnosis is the fact that the symptoms of diseases tend to get much worse as they progress. In addition to the pain itself, the person finds it difficult to perform movements and tasks considered normal, from bending over to brushing their hair.

Thus, early diagnosis and arthritis treatment in Delhi are essential to minimize joint damage, thus preserving joint function and a full professional and family life.

Prevention tips

In addition to early diagnosis, it is of paramount importance to modify some habits in order to, as far as possible, prevent the onset of rheumatic diseases. Some tips are:

  • stay at the appropriate weight for your height;
  • adopt a healthy diet rich in calcium;
  • practice physical activity regularly;
  • wear suitable shoes;
  • maintain a correct posture;
  • do muscle relaxation and stretching exercises throughout the day;
  • meditate, keep your beliefs;
  • avoid excessive efforts.
rheumatologist in Delhi

Rheumatic Diseases

Many times, people talk about “rheumatism” as if it were a specific pathology, but the truth is that it is a concept that groups various diseases that affect the musculoskeletal system. The best known are arthritis and osteoarthritis, although there are more than 250 different types. They are highly prevalent diseases: in India, 1 in 4 people over 20 years of age says they have gone to (or made an appointment with) an arthritis doctor in Delhi and have taken any medicine for a month or more in the last year for any bone or joint problem.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF RHEUMATIC DISEASES?

Rheumatic diseases can affect joints, muscles, bones or tendons, as well as other structures of the locomotor system. The main symptoms are the following:

  • Pain. It is the most recurrent symptom. The location will depend on the type of rheumatic disease that is suffered, for example, if the joints are affected you will feel pain in the knees or hands. It may appear only at specific times, especially when the affected areas of the body are used a lot, but it can also be a persistent sensation that even prevents the sleep of those who suffer it.
  • Stiffness or numbness. The pain can be accompanied by stiffness and numbness, especially when you start to move the affected body part (morning stiffness), and it usually subsides after some time has passed.
  • Punctures. Sometimes the pain can be in the form of pinpricks, either isolated or intermittent.
  • Heaviness and tiredness. The fatigue can be localized, that is, that only one part of the body hurts, or general.
  • Swelling or swelling in the joints. Very often, when rheumatic disease affects the joints, there is inflammation in the affected areas. This is due to an accumulation of synovial fluid in the atrial cavity.
  • Other symptoms: Alterations in other organs (extra-articular manifestations), loss of appetite, weight loss or fever may also occur.

If you feel joint pain (or muscles, tendons …), there is inflammation in the painful area or a loss of strength is noted, it is important to see a rheumatologist in Delhi. Many times, it is the primary care doctors themselves who diagnose the disease, but the specialist in this case is the best rheumatologist in Delhi.

DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT

The diagnosis is made through clinical observation and a questionnaire by the arthritis specialist in Delhi, in addition to diagnostic tests such as laboratory tests (blood tests), x-rays or ultrasounds.

Regarding arthritis treatment in Delhi, the vast majority is based on pain relievers and anti-inflammatories. However, there are many different types of rheumatic diseases, so joint pain treatment in Delhi will depend on what structures are affected and what the origin of the condition is. For example, there are rheumatisms that are due to autoimmune activity, that is, when the defence system turns against the body itself causing inflammation of the joints and, therefore, they are treated with drugs that normalize the activity of the system.

TYPES OF RHEUMATIC DISEASES

There are diseases that we all easily associate with rheumatism, such as rheumatoid arthritis, but there are many others that we do not usually associate. Here are some of the most common:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis: This is a chronic inflammation in the tissue that lines the inside of the joints (synovial membrane). It is characterized by causing pain that does not improve with rest, swelling and stiffness, especially in the morning.
  • Osteoarthritis: Although it is often confused with arthritis, it is a very different disease. In this case, the affected tissue is articular cartilage, which is injured by wear and tear and produces pain with movement that improves with rest.
  • Osteoporosis: Yes, osteoporosis is a type of rheumatic disease, since the bones are part of the locomotor system. This disease is characterized by decreased bone density, leading to increased bone fragility.
  • Myopathies: Myopathies are caused by abnormalities in the muscles and cause muscle pain and functional limitation.
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus: It is a type of lupus that can affect many organs. It is a chronic autoimmune disease that manifests itself in the form of outbreaks. The most affected structures are usually the skin and the joints.
  • Systemic sclerosis: Like lupus, it is also autoimmune and chronic. There is an alteration in collagen, a protein substance that supports the organs and tissues of the body. Symptoms are tightening of the skin and organs that are affected.
  • Fibromyalgia: It is a disease of unknown origin in which fatigue and general pain are felt without there being any injury causing it.

Difference Between Arthritis and Osteoarthritis

The rheumatic diseases comprise a large number of medical disorders of the musculoskeletal and connective tissue. The doctor who attends the specialty is the Rheumatologist in Delhi, who treats, above all, the pathologies related to the set of bones, muscles, and joints, as well as metabolic diseases that affect the bones, such as osteoporosis.

Arthritis, which involves actual joint inflammation and therefore pain and swelling thereof, is a manifestation of rheumatic diseases more complex, usually such autoimmune, such as systemic lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, although it can occur in metabolic diseases like gout. At present, about 100 diseases with arthritis have been defined, says arthritis specialist in Delhi.

Perhaps because of this complexity or because of its direct relationship with the joints, the population tends to confuse this pathology, arthritis, which always implies inflammation, with another very frequent rheumatic disease, osteoarthritis, which is a chronic disease that also affects the joints, but degenerative and often related to age.

According to the best rheumatologist in Delhi, osteoarthritis is the disease of the joints that most affect Indians. In addition, it is women who suffer most from this rheumatic disease.

rheumatologist in Delhi

Symptoms and Causes of arthritis

The arthritis is a sign of inflammation, the presence of which leads to the doctor to a very specific group of diseases of various kinds, which are the inflammatory diseases.

An important group of them are autoimmune or systemic diseases, which are characterized by predominant women (often appear between the third and fourth decade of life) and can affect internal organs and cause manifestations according to the affected organ. Although, in general, there have been great advances in the knowledge of these diseases and in arthritis treatment in Delhi, especially with the new biological drugs.

Another group is that of arthritis by deposit, such as gout, which is characterized by deposition in the joints of monosodium urate or uric acid.

Arthritis can affect people of any age, including children (juvenile arthritis). Your symptoms include:

  • Continuous pain, even at rest
  • Joint stiffness of prolonged morning predominance (more than 1 hour)
  • Possible swelling, with inflammatory synovial effusion
  • Difficulties to move any joint
  • Other symptoms that vary according to the different types of arthritis, which may appear on the skin or organs.

Among its causes or risk factors, hereditary/genetic factors and defects in the immune system are important. But there are negative factors that patients should avoid:

  • Overweight, since fat can be a pro-inflammatory factor and alter the functioning of effective drugs.
  • Snuff. It has been shown to negatively influence the occurrence of some of these diseases, such as systemic lupus and rheumatoid arthritis and also affects the effectiveness of arthritis treatment in Delhi.

On the other hand, it is advisable to perform an adequate exercise, initially supervised, to avoid joint stiffness and muscle weakness.

Symptoms and causes of osteoarthritis

The osteoarthritis, unlike arthritis, is a degenerative disease, usually related to wearing and/or aging of the joints. The deterioration of the articular cartilage causes the bones to wear away and pain and deformations appear, explains arthritis doctor in Delhi.

Its symptoms are very diverse and progressively evolve over time:

  • Joint pain related to movements.
  • Limitation of movements.
  • Crunches
  • Morning stiffness (less than 1 hour).
  • Occasionally, joint effusion, mechanical or non-inflammatory.
  • Possible joint deformities, some features such as those located in the distal joint of the fingers.

In this case, knowledge of some of the risk factors for the disease can help prevent or reduce symptoms:

  • The age.
  • Sex (osteoarthritis affects women more)
  • Genetics.
  • Depending on the work activity (due to the need to perform very repetitive movements for a long time or the overload maintained).
  • The elite sport.
  • Obesity (may aggravate the disease, especially of the knee)
  • The fractures and injuries.

In summary, the main differences between arthritis and osteoarthritis lie in: the nature of the pathologies, arthritis is an inflammatory disease and degenerative osteoarthritis. In the case of osteoarthritis, some of its risk factors can be prevented; predominates in knees, hands, hip, and spine; But in both cases, in recent years there have been advances in best arthritis treatment in Delhi, which are improving the quality of life of these patients.

Therefore, it is advisable to visit the Rheumatologist in Delhi, for early diagnosis that starts the best available treatment as soon as possible, to try to stop the evolution of these diseases.