Tag Archives: Diabetes

Your Go-to Guide to Living with Diabetes for a Healthy and Long Life


It’s estimated that over 3.9 million people in the UK have been diagnosed with diabetes. If you fall into this category, you need to take the condition seriously. Taking care of yourself and managing your diabetes will enable you to lead a healthy and fulfilling life, as well as decrease the risk of getting seriously ill.

When living with diabetes, it’s common to feel sad, angry, or overwhelmed. To help you cope with the condition and keep your wellbeing in check, here are some tips to take on board.

Alter Your Diet

Those living with diabetes must make alterations to their diet. This includes making healthier choices, such as eating more fruits and vegetables. You can get help from the London Diabetes Centre which can help you make dietary changes. They also have a guide on everything you need to know about diabetes. If you’ve recently been diagnosed with the condition and are wondering what is diabetes, you can learn effective methods on how to manage it, and what foods to avoid.

Take Your Medicines

If there is one thing you must do when managing your diabetes, it’s to remember to take your medicines. You should take it even when you feel good. Your GP may prescribe oral medication or insulin. These can help get you to your target blood glucose levels. You may be advised to take low-dose aspirin too. This can lower your risk of a heart attack.

Check Your Numbers

Monitoring your blood pressure and blood glucose is essential. They need to remain in the recommended ranges to stay safe if you have diabetes. While there is the option to do this at home, you may prefer to leave this up to a professional. Your GP or private specialist can conduct tests to determine your levels, as well as what changes you need to make to stay within the advised range.

Get Active

Regular exercise is good for diabetes. Whether you’re able to go for a swim, run, or can only manage some arm-stretches, anything is better than nothing. Physical activity lowers your blood glucose levels, as well as increases your body’s sensitivity to insulin. Before doing any physical activity, it’s best to check with your doctor first. They can recommend exercises suitable for the type of diabetes you have.

Examine Your Feet

Anyone who has diabetes should have a foot check annually with their GP. The reason for this is you’re at a higher risk of developing serious foot problems. In the worst-case scenario, this can lead to amputations. Make sure you inspect your feet each day. If you notice any calluses or sores, you should book a doctor’s appointment immediately. Other things to look out for include cramp-line pains, discomfort, and blisters.

Living with diabetes doesn’t have to be all doom and gloom. Sure, you will have to take more responsibility and be mindful of your day-to-day actions. However, once you get into a routine and know what to do, you can lead an excellent quality of life, well managing your diabetes effectively.



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Low libido can be a sign of thyroid and heart problems

Low libido can be a sign of thyroid and heart problems

It’s not just mental and relationship problems that can cause it if someone doesn’t want sex. Diseases may also be present in the background.

The degree of sexual desire can be influenced by many external and internal factors. Most people attribute the decrease in libido to stress, privacy, or relationship problems. However, it is also often the case that the reasons for the change are to be found elsewhere.

There are health problems behind it that would be worth paying attention to. According to sexologist in Delhi, India, the following may underlie the fading of desire when everything is in the best order in the relationship between the parties and it is not the disputes, habit, boredom, or alienation that result in a decrease in the need for coexistence.

Hormone problems behind low libido

Low libido can be a sign of thyroid and heart problems

One of the most common problems, according to Dr P K Gupta, Best Sexologist in Delhi, India, is thyroid dysfunction. It is most common in the case of underdevelopment that because the body produces too little thyroid hormone, the hormone balance is upset, which causes not only constant fatigue, exhaustion and weakness, but also a decrease in libido.

High prolactin levels can also cause such complaints, usually accompanied by menstrual disorders and vaginal dryness. In addition, low estrogen and testosterone levels produce similar symptoms that, because they are sex hormones, strongly influence cravings. And in women, it is also common for PCOS, or polycystic ovary syndrome, to cause the change. This is also why it is recommended to find out with a blood test what the real problem may be, then the hormone balance can be restored with certain medications, which is likely to solve sexual problems as well, says sexologist doctor in Delhi, India.

Vitamin deficiency can also be a goose

 

In the rush of everyday life, not everyone pays attention to a healthy, balanced diet, so many people may develop vitamin deficiencies – and this also affects coexistence. According to sex specialist in Delhi, India, if the body does not get the right amount of iron, folic acid, zinc or iodine, it can also show up in bed: the desire to make love decreases, and there may be symptoms such as dizziness, tiredness or irregular menstruation.

Heart disease and sexual desire

vitamin deficiency

According to cardiologist Columbus Batiste, research has shown that 60-87% of people with heart problems also report sexual dysfunction, one of the most common being low libido. Therefore, according to the top sexologist in Delhi, India, it should not be neglected if someone notices that his / her desire has drastically decreased compared to the usual one, as he / she can draw attention to more serious disorders.

Other diseases in the background

In addition, depression, diabetes, lung or adrenal problems, and autoimmune diseases may be behind the change. Therefore, and for the sake of the relationship, it is important to see a sex doctor in Delhi, India and ask for a thorough examination so that the underlying causes can be identified and appropriate treatment can be provided as soon as possible.

5 Yoga Asanas for Stomach, Pancreas & Diabetes | Swami Ramdev

5 Yoga Asanas for Stomach, Pancreas & Diabetes | Swami Ramdev

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How You Can Prevent Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease or chronic kidney failure refers to the progressive and irreversible degradation of renal function, in which prevention and early diagnosis are essential for survival.

Local medical statistics show that approximately ten million Indians suffer from chronic kidney disease and that, annually, the number of cases increases by up to 10%. Specialized medical care and timely intervention prevent the need for dialysis and kidney transplant in Delhi.

Causes and risk factors

The kidneys perform the important function of filtering excess residues and fluids from the blood, which are then excreted through the urine. When renal function becomes deficient, large amounts of fluids, electrolytes, and waste accumulate in the body.

In the early stages of chronic kidney disease, the signs and symptoms are indistinguishable. Renal failure presents clinical manifestations when renal function is almost lost, in about 90% of cases, says nephrologist in Delhi.

Among the diseases and medical conditions that can cause chronic kidney disease are:

– type 1 and 2 diabetes;

– high blood pressure;

– glomerulonephritis;

– interstitial nephritis;

– polycystic kidney disease;

– prolonged obstruction of the urinary tract (caused by an enlarged prostate, kidney stones or some types of cancer);

– bladder-urethral reflux;

– pyelonephritis (recurrent kidney infections).

The risk factors that increase the susceptibility to chronic kidney failure are

– diabetes;

– high blood pressure;

– heart disease;

– smoking;

– obesity;

– high cholesterol level;

– heredity;

– age over 65 years.

Prevention of renal failure

The key to preventing or stopping the evolution of chronic kidney disease is early detection of renal dysfunction and aggressive intervention by nephrologist in Delhi, so as to slow the progression of the disease.

Because diabetes and high blood pressure are responsible for two-thirds of the cases of chronic kidney failure, following proper treatment to control these conditions also means a diminished risk of renal function. Even if you have not been diagnosed so far, ask for the following urinalysis.

– Uroculture. Check the level of protein, glucose, and blood in the urine.

– Blood pressure control.

– Blood glucose test.

– Test for creatinine in the blood. It measures the amount of residues resulting from muscle activity. When the kidneys are not functioning properly, the creatinine level increases.

A study published in the specialty journal The American Journal of Kidney Diseases in April 2013 showed that unhealthy eating choices, obesity, and smoking are associated with a significantly increased risk of kidney disease installation.

The researchers mentioned that, unlike genetic predisposition, diet, vices, and overweight are risk factors that can be controlled to prevent the degeneration of renal function. In this regard, best nephrologist in Delhi recommends you

– Reduce your daily sodium intake.

– Avoid eating red meat frequently (diets high in animal protein can be harmful to the kidneys).

– Do not consume sour juices. Many of these beverages contain phosphorus additives, which affect the health of the kidneys.

– Discard processed foods. Potato chips, biscuits, cheese creams, semi-preparations, and sausages are examples of foods rich in phosphorus and salt additives, potentially destructive to kidney function.

– Reduce your sugar intake. The abuse of sweets increases the risk of diabetes and obesity, both associated with kidney disease.

– Consume alcohol in moderation. Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages has important negative effects on the health of the kidneys and their role in maintaining the optimum level of fluids, electrolytes, and acid-base balance.

– Carefully analyze the side effects of medicines. Aspirin, ibuprofen or acetaminophen can cause renal dysfunction when administered incorrectly or without the recommendation of a kidney specialist in Delhi.

– Keep your weight under control. Move at least 30 minutes every day and get rid of excess weight, if any.

– Quit smoking.

Prevention of chronic kidney disease in diabetes

One possible and very dangerous complication of diabetes is chronic kidney failure. Since the kidneys are the ones that filter out the blood residues, and diabetes is manifested by too much glucose in the blood, the kidney function is overstimulated. Eventually, the kidneys will no longer be able to fulfill their essential role for survival. Capillary vessels become more porous and begin to escape from residues and proteins that should not be filtered normally reach the urine, says nephrologist in Noida.

High blood pressure affects blood vessels throughout the body, including those that feed the kidneys. Thus, treating elevated blood pressure, which involves quitting smoking, following a dietary diet and regular movement, is essential for the maintenance of renal function, suggests nephrologist in Gurgaon.

Patients with diabetes should undergo at least 3 endocrinological checks per year to monitor urine (microalbuminuria) and creatinine levels in the blood (excess creatinine indicates difficulties with renal function in filtering blood).

Just follow the recommendations of the best kidney specialist in Delhi regarding keeping the glycemic index under control through diet, sports or the administration of insulin or other medicines. Check your blood sugar level regularly!

Call your doctor for kidney in Delhi immediately for the first sign of kidney or bladder infection, such as burning or pain in urine, turbid or redness urine, lower back pain or body tremor.

Diabetes can cost you a kidney. Act now!

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs as a result of the body’s difficulty in properly using carbohydrates, which results in an increase in blood glucose. The cause is the lack of insulin production in the pancreas or failure in its use.

Types of Diabetes:

Type 1.- When the pancreas of the person suffering from it does not produce the insulin that is needed.

Type 2.- When the insulin produced by the pancreas of the sick person is not effective and does not function.

Type 1 Diabetes is more common in children and young adults although it can occur at any age. People with Diabetes 1 need to administer insulin to control blood glucose levels. Diabetes 1 represents 5-10% of the entire population with Diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes is more common in older people, particularly those who are overweight. Currently, as a result of a sedentary lifestyle and the increase in obesity of the population, it also occurs in younger people. Often, Diabetes 2 can be controlled with diet, weight loss and exercise and also with pills. Diabetes 2 represents 90-95% of the entire population with Diabetes.

What complications can Diabetes give?

When glucose circulates in the blood instead of being used as energy, its concentration increases, hyperglycemia. This entails short and medium-term complications that, if not prevented, can affect the majority of blood vessels in our body. The most significant long-term complications are at the level of small vessels such as those of the kidney (nephropathy) and retina (retinopathy) and large vessels, causing the so-called generalized vascular disease, which affects the heart, brain, and lower extremities. It also affects nerve conduction leading to the so-called diabetic neuropathy, explains nephrologist in Delhi.

What symptoms guide us to the presence of Diabetes?

The onset of Type 1 Diabetes is often sudden and may include symptoms such as increased urinary frequency, abnormal thirst, extreme tiredness, irritability, weight loss, frequent infections.

Diabetes 2 starts gradually and is generally not detected. Sometimes symptoms similar to those of type 1 diabetes may appear, but much more attenuated. Often the initial symptoms are not detected and the diagnosis of the disease is made late, years after the onset of the disease. At that time in half of the patients, complications are already present.

Who is at risk for diabetes?

Some people may be more predisposed to present the disease. The most relevant factors are:

  • Diabetes family history
  • Excess weight, particularly abdominal obesity
  • Age over 45 years
  • Sedentary life
  • Diabetes during pregnancy
  • Abnormalities in glucose tolerance

Which is the treatment?

Diet, exercise, drugs called oral antidiabetics and finally insulin.

Can you prevent the onset of diabetes or its complications?

Overweight and sedentary life are modifiable factors that can clearly influence the onset of Diabetes in predisposed people. Therefore, there are two clear factors that can be prevented.

Why does the kidney get sick? It is quite frequent? What can be done to prevent kidney disease?

Kidney disease caused by diabetes occurs in a third of the population with diabetes.

The first specific fact that alterations in the kidney are occurring is the presence of a protein called albumin in small amounts in the urine. This alerts you to the possibility that the small blood vessels that feed the kidneys may suffer damage if we do not act. There are interventions and drugs that can prevent and reverse kidney damage in the early stages, the best nephrologist in Delhi says.

Diabetic kidney disease “Diabetic nephropathy”:

Kidney disease caused by Diabetes is called Diabetic Nephropathy. It is a chronic and progressive disease that develops in a third of people with diabetes. High blood glucose levels affect the small vessels throughout the body and also those that are part of the kidneys. When these small vessels or capillaries are damaged, they do not work properly affecting their function, filtration. Toxic products can then accumulate in the blood, while other necessary substances such as proteins are eliminated in the urine improperly. If this progresses, we can reach the complete loss of kidney function that stops its filtration process.

Risk factors for kidney disease in Diabetes:

  • Tobacco
  • High blood pressure
  • Uncontrolled blood glucose figures
  • Family history of kidney disease

Signs and symptoms of kidney disease in Diabetes:

Symptoms of kidney involvement may appear late, when the organ is already severely damaged. It is important to know the early signs that can alert us to the onset of kidney damage:

  • Proteins in the urine
  • Hypertension
  • Swelling of legs and cramps
  • Impaired renal function
  • Increased frequency and amount of urine
  • Less need for insulin
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Weakness, paleness, and anemia

Without treatment, diabetes can cause serious long-term complications:

Nephropathy. Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure in the developed world and accounts for approximately 35-40% of new cases of kidney failure each year.

Retinopathy. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness and visual impairment in adults in developed countries. The incidence of blindness is 25 times higher in people with diabetes, compared to the general population.

Neuropathy. Nerve injuries, along with peripheral vascular disease make diabetes the most common cause of amputation not resulting from an accident or trauma. People with diabetes are 15 to 40 times more likely to need an amputation of the lower limbs compared to the general population.

Cardiovascular diseases. People with diabetes are 2 to 4 times more likely to develop cardiovascular disease than people without diabetes – people with type 2 diabetes have the same risk of having a myocardial infarction as people without diabetes who have already suffered a first heart attack. The risk of mortality from cardiovascular disease is 40 times higher than in people without diabetes.

The development of the initial phases of diabetic nephropathy is frequent.

Throughout life, about 50% of people with type 1 diabetes develop microalbuminuria – the presence of albumin protein in the urine, which is an indicator of impaired renal function.

Approximately 20% of people with type 1 diabetes develop renal insufficiency

In Caucasian people with type 2 diabetes, between 5 and 10% develop chronic end-stage renal insufficiency (IRCT), while among those not Caucasians the proportion is even higher.

Diabetic renal failure is the most common cause of admission to a renal replacement, dialysis or kidney transplant, in most countries of the world.

In India, about one-third of people with end-stage chronic renal failure suffer from diabetes. It is estimated that this population will grow at an annual rate of 8%.

Up to 40% of new cases of IRCT can be attributed to diabetes.

The risk of IRCT is 12 times higher in people with type 1 diabetes compared to those with type 2 diabetes.

There are two treatment options when the kidneys fail:

Dialysis (peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis) and kidney transplant. The costs of both treatments are high. It is estimated that diabetes represents between 5 and 10% of the national health budget in developed western countries.

Diabetic renal failure develops so slowly that it may not show symptoms for many years.

The best way to detect the problem is the analysis of urine for proteins, which normally should not be present, such as albumin. It is recommended that every person with diabetes undergo a urinalysis every year for albuminuria.

There is conclusive evidence that good blood glucose levels can significantly reduce the risk of developing complications and slowing their progression in all types of diabetes.

The control of high blood pressure and high levels of blood fats (hyperlipidemia) is also very important.