Tag Archives: earth

Why Is It Hard To Colonize Mars?



Being the second smallest planet in the solar system and named after the Roman god of war, Mars is considered to be a desolate, frigid and inhospitable rock whose colonization is one of the biggest challenges in our century.
Curious to know why it is so hard to colonize Mars? Keep Watching!
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Mars exploration and colonization have been a fantasy and a really hard challenge for Humans in the current century. However, we are working to make this dream a reality where NASA is planning to put humans on Mars by the end of 2030. One of the biggest challenges is transporting astronauts and payload across the 34 million miles of space that exists between Mars and Earth, however, upon their arrival; humans will have to face many other challenges during the course of their mission. For instance, they will have to find solutions for life threatening problems such as the lack of water, thin atmosphere, the high levels of radiation, toxic soil, cold temperatures and low gravity. In this video, we’ll talk about each factor of these serious problems in detail.

1- Lack of Water, As we all know, water is the most important and essential factor when it comes to the lives of humans and their survival. However, Mars does not contain water or at least it does not contain water in a form suitable for human usage. There were signs of water on the red planet illustrated in some images sent by The Mariner 9 and Viking space probes back to the 1970s. Moreover, in 2018, a study was published in the science journal reporting that an approximately 12 miles in width lack; had been found and it’s located about a mile below the south pole of Mars. Additionally, scientists had found eight regions on Mars where soil erosion had uncovered huge areas of ice deposits below the Martian surface. In 2019, the American Geophysical Union reported that they located layers of ice and sand buried a mile beneath Mars’s north pole. All of this information demonstrates that Mars does contain water on its surface, however, the technology required to extract this embedded water is not available to us, Yet. NASA is working on this problem through forming partnerships in order to advance their mining technologies for use in space exploration. The results of these partnerships are very promising where in July 2019, along with Honeybee Robotics and the University of Central Florida, NASA showed off a prototype spacecraft that is called “The World Is Not Enough” or WINE, for short, it is a prototype of the size of a microwave oven specifically designed to mine soil on asteroids, extract water from this soil and then use it to generate steam in order to propel itself to its next mining destination. It’s a truly promising technology but it can be adapted to harvest water for Mars exploration.

2- Thin Atmosphere, an atmosphere is one of the most important factors that a planet must acquire in order to support human life and survival. However, Mars’s atmosphere is very thin and it’s made up of all the wrong combinations of gases. For example, it’s mostly composed of carbon dioxide, approximately 95.3% of Mars’s atmosphere is carbon dioxide which is a very high ratio compared to less than 1% on Earth. Moreover, Mars’s atmosphere has barely any oxygen, around 0.13% compared to 21% on Earth, which is very unfortunate due to the fact that humans need oxygen to breath. In addition to this, Mars’s atmosphere contains a very small ratio of nitrogen, around 2.7% compared to 78% on Earth which is also very unfortunate due to the fact that plants need nitrogen to survive.
Besides the wrong combinations of gases in Mars’s atmosphere, the atmospheric pressure is unfortunately quite low , around 6.1 millibars compared to 1,013.25 millibars on Earth.
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#InsaneCuriosity #MarsFactsAndHistory #MarsColonization

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What If Earthquakes Lasted a Year?



Earth’s tectonic plates are constantly moving. And as they move past each other, pressure builds up. Eventually, that force overcomes the friction, and this causes an earthquake. Earth can be full of extremes. But today, there is only one extreme. Non-stop earthquakes that last an entire year. What would it be like to live under such shaky circumstances? How would buildings hold up in these conditions? And what could you do to adapt to this rumbling lifestyle?

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What If You Never Threw Anything Away?



Hoarders. They can’t bear to throw anything away. Hoarders pile stuff up everywhere, cluttering every space until they can’t move anymore.

Would we all turn into hoarders if we never threw anything away? Or would we find new and innovative ways to repurpose our purchases, recycle our garbage and organize our homes if decluttering wasn’t an option?

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00:50 Hoarding
02:29 Reusable packaging
02:55 Environmental impact
03:39 Social impact

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References:

What is hoarding disorder –
Consumerism –
Inside a Hoarder’s Brain: Why They Can’t Ditch Their Stuff –
Why does shopping feel so good? –
“Throwing things out give you time to look after yourself” – how to get better at decluttering –
Consumers have huge environmental impact –
As consumerism spreads, earth suffers, study says –
Insulating your home? Try recycled materials from curtains to carpets –
“Waste house” uses VHS tapes and mom jeans as insulation –

#WhatIf #Hoarding #Clutter #HomeOrganization #Garbage #Minimalist #CleanWithMe

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What Is The Fermi Paradox?



Looking up at the night sky we can see an epic beauty above which is insane and blow away our minds. But beside this beauty there can be something scary also out there or maybe not. As C .Clarke said “ We are either alone in this universe or we are not. And both these ideas are equally scary. I think by know you would have guessed what we are talking about -Aliens. This concept of extra terrestrial life has played an important role in science fiction, which have introduced a wide range of theoretical ideas and also many conspiracy theories.

But many of you might be thinking why do we intend to find this extra terrestrial life and why haven’t we found them? Why search for them because they could have the potential to destroy us Well we think yes it might be the case but its our human nature and curiosity to find answers and also it will answer our important question, That are we alone in this universe?
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The universe is very vast and has billions of galaxies. These billions of galaxies have trillions and trillions of planets and many among them are habitable too. So where are they? The universe should be filled with spaceships and stuffs but where are they? But before that lets talk about how we look for life in outer project. The Search for extraterrestrial life abbreviated as SETI is an organisation that looks for life in Outer space. We use radio astronomy to look for outer life by sending signals out there in space and receiving and analysing signals. You all might have seen the movie Contact in which Jodi Foster sits in the desert and listens for signals from space. Well its not like that, all the analysing is done through complex computers. But why only radio? The aliens could be using some developed and advanced ways of communication, something like hyper-dimensional communication. It might be the case but we cannot detect that means of communication. Radio might be low-tech but can used to send signals to far distances in space. Radio can pass through interstellar dusts that block most of the light and other signals. A good example of that is the first image of black hole that was recently revealed by scientist with the help of radio telescopes all around the world.

According to a new analysis from scientists at the University of Nottingham, we don’t have a lot of alien company.On June 15, two researchers published a paper in the Astrophysical Journal arguing that the Milky Way – which sports about 250 billion stars – could host as few as 36 alien societies. That’s a small number, and rather less than the number of races that have appeared in Star Trek. NASA Kepler space telescope found habitable planets and based on its data scientist found out that nearly all stars have planets, probably more than one. Scientist usually determine it by observing if the planet is in the habitable zone of a star where liquid water can exist and atmosphere like Earth could exist. In our solar system also we have a habitable planet with water and life and thats our Earth. But there are other systems also in our solar system with liquid water. Jupiters moon Europa has a deep ocean below the frozen ice on the surface and life could exist there. We already know life can develop in extreme environments and evolves and Earth is a good example of that.

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Credits: Ron Miller
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#InsaneCuriosity #TheFermiParadox #Aliens

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Extreme Weather | MinuteEarth Explains



Thanks to Keeps for sponsoring this video. Go to to learn more and to get 50% off your first order of hair loss treatment!

In this collection of classic MinuteEarth videos, we take a look at some of the most extreme weather on Earth and its consequences.

0:00 – Intro
0:11 – The Hottest Place on Earth |
2:23 – How To Avoid The Next Atlantis |
4:45 – Are “Acts of God” Disappearing? |
7:36 – This Is Your Brain On Extreme Weather |
10:03 – Outro

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What If We Dumped All Our Trash in the Oceans?



Let’s save our oceans! Donate here:

You’d better mind your waste because it’s not piling up in landfills anymore. Today, we’re going to dump it all straight into the oceans. How much trash would that be? How soon would this change all marine life? Could this trash eventually displace our oceans entirely?

00:00 TeamSeas
01:18 Types of Waste
02:58 Trash Covering Earth 80 Times
04:34 How Waste Affects Marine Life

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#Whatif #Trash #Landfills #Ocean #HouseholdWaste

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Found Exoplanet Orbiting In A Triple Star System!



In 2009, NASA’s Kepler mission was launched.
Kepler was a space telescope designed to survey a portion of the Milky Way galaxy in search of exoplanets, which are planets outside our solar system.
Using data from the Kepler mission and the extended K2 mission, scientists have identified more than 2,800 candidate exoplanets and have confirmed more than 2,600 of these as bona fide planets. It is the case of the KOI-5Ab exoplanet, one of the first candidates to be found by the mission.
What makes KOI-5Ab so interesting?
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OI-5Ab was only the second planet candidate to be found by the mission, and exciting as it was at the time, it was ultimately set aside as Kepler racked up more and more planet discoveries.
In fact, by the end of the spacecraft’s operations in 2018, Kepler had discovered a whopping 2,394 exoplanets or planets orbiting stars beyond our sun, and an additional 2,366 exoplanet candidates that would still need confirmation.
In fact, scientists must gather many observations and carefully analyze their data before they can be even somewhat sure that they’ve discovered new worlds. 
But what is it needed to get a…confirmation?
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#InsaneCuriosity #Exoplanets #TriplestarSystem

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3 Nations Arrive On Mars!

3 Nations Arrive On Mars!

The Mars race to the red planet has long appeared to be exclusive to the biggest billionaires and their corporate backups, but someone else has crossed the white ribbon first. We’ll talk about these folks and more in today’s episode!
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If you’re like me who loves all the news going around about the red planet, you probably would have already heard about the biggest players in the game of getting to Mars first. Of course, first and foremost, there’s the ever popular SpaceX program by Elon Musk. Then we also have Blue Origin by Jeff Bezos.You can really tell that there’s really huge interest in bagging the medal of being the first corporate entity to bring Earth to Mars. I mean, for something to get two of the world’s biggest billionaires? I don’t think they are men who like to waste time on anything they wouldn’t believe have any value whatsoever. Be honest, guys. Who among these two did you place your bets on?
Well, if you did place any money on either of them, then I have bad news for you.

After beginning their 480 million kilometer journey — or, for you Americans watching the show, about 300 million miles — mid July last year, Mars gets visited by not just one, but two unmanned space probes just this February 10th. The first one, arriving at the 9th was United Arab Emirates’ Hope, followed by China’s Tianwen-1 just about a day after.

This amazing feat placed both countries as the fifth and sixth cultures from Earth to successfully be welcomed by our vermillion neighbor. The first four to make it there were, firstly of course, the USA, followed by, India, the old Soviet Union and Europe through the European Space Agency.

Actually, if we include NASA’s Perseverance arriving by the 18th, that puts Elon and Jeff way, way behind. Keep up, boys!

As of the current moment, Hope and Tianwen-1 are already orbiting the Martian atmosphere. A Herculean challenge that they completed with flying colors.

The amazing feat that these two spacecraft accomplished is already super impressive, considering that about half of missions sent to Mars were unsuccessful. You see how many crash-and-burns SpaceX missions had in its lifetime, right?

But, okay, I know that Mars appears to be an extremely popular destination for some of the most important entities and individuals in the world, but these missions did not go there just to have a vacation. Let’s talk about what these probes were sent there to do, shall we? Let’s begin with the first to get there, UAE’s flagship interplanetary mission, Hope…or Al-Amal, as locally known in Arabic.

UAE is not entirely a newbie in terms of sending instruments in space. Officially speaking, Hope is the fourth one in their resume. You can imagine the level of sophistication in the technology that they are bringing, with the history of space missions they have already launched.
Now, let’s move on to the next visitor to our sister planet and potential future home: China’s Tianwen-1. I’d like to talk about the name for a bit before going any further, because I just can’t get over the fact that it is an extremely poetic name.

One translation of the probe’s name is “a quest for the heavenly truth”.
Last but not the least, let’s now talk about the last visitor to Mars, NASA’s Perseverance. Or Percy for short. Pretty cute name, isn’t it?

Following a long line of predecessors, one including the popular names such as Opportunity and Curiosity, this probe is tasked with a mission to know more about the Red Planet. Upon arriving within the vicinity of Mars, it’s scheduled to land on the Jezero Crater.

And did I tell you that Percy didn’t come all by himself? The rover is also carrying Ingenuity, a robotic helicopter that will serve as a part of a handful of tech demonstrations that will be carried out by the rover. The mini helicopter is aimed to determine the feasibility of flight on the red planet. Moreover, Ingenuity will fly over the landing site of Perseverance to help plan its route better, and to look for targets that could be interesting to pick up.

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“Some of our visual content is under an Attribution-ShareAlike license. ( in its different versions such as 1.0, 2.0, 3,0, and 4.0 – permitting commercial sharing with attribution given in each picture accordingly in the video.”

Credits: Ron Miller
Credits: Mark A. Garlick / MarkGarlick.com
Credits: Nasa/Shutterstock/Storyblocks/Elon Musk/SpaceX/ESA/ESO
Credits: Flickr

#InsaneCuriosity #MarsRace #MarsMission

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Einstein's Theory of Relativity Made Easy!

Einstein’s Theory of Relativity Made Easy!

From what it is, to its impact on the world at large, join us as we explore Einstein’s Theory of Relativity made easy, and explain it so everyone can understand it. (Simplified)

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So where do we start with something as big and as complicated as the Theory of Relativity? I’m sure some of you wouldn’t even know what it is outside of its name, which is fine. But I’m sure you do know the man who came up with the idea, Albert Einstein. Einstein is revered as one of the smartest people to ever live, and he helped shape how we perceive both our world and our universe. So it might surprise you that this very brilliant man once started off as nothing more than a patent clerk. No, really, he did, and that’s part of the origin story to the Theory of Relativity.
Because one day, after doing his work at the patent office, he went on a trolley car to go home. And he would do this day after day after day. This is important because while he was on that car, he would think about the universe at large. He would ask himself questions and try to figure out the answers as best he could with the information he had. And one day, he was going away from a clock tower when he asked what would happen if the car he was on was going away from the clock tower…at the speed of light.
This may seem like an odd question to ask, but lightspeed travel is something that scientists are honestly trying to achieve right now, and these questions were truly the building blocks of this really happening. Anyway, back to the clock tower. Einstein theorized, as well as realized, that if he was moving the speed of light (which if you don’t know is 299,792,458 meters per second), the hands on the clock tower (meaning the minute hand and the hour hand) would quite literally appear to stop in place.
But, he also knew that while he himself was traveling at the speed of light and seeing everything stop more or less, everyone who was at the clock tower, and seeing things in “normal time” would not see them stop. The clock tower and its hands would keep ticking along as if nothing wrong.
Yet in this experiment, for Albert Einstein, time had literally slowed down, and it was at this moment that the “light bulb” went off in his head. Because it was through this experiment that he realized that if you go faster and faster through space, you’re actually causing time to go slower around you. But how was this possible if time was quite literally a constant force in the universe?
To try and answer this, Einstein would look to some of the other fathers of science to try and figure out the missing points in his equation. For example, he looked at the three laws of motion via Sir Isaac Newton. Newton notes that while objects do move at a certain speed, their values are never an absolute. Mainly because every speed we go at is based on a force imparted on something, or relative to something else. Such as how a car can go 65 miles per hour on a highway…but that’s only because the ground and friction ALLOW it to do so. No friction on the road? You’re not going that speed. Thus why he notes that every speed has to have “in respect to” another force or object that is allowing or perceiving that object’s speed.
However, in contrast, there is James Clark Maxwell, the father of electromagnetism, who notes that of all the things in the universe, it is light that is fixed. And as noted, light goes 299,792,458 meters per second. That will never change. That speed is another constant force in the universe. Anyone, anywhere in the world, or even anywhere in the universe will be able to determine that the speed of light is the same, it won’t change, and that’s part of the reason why the universe works like it does, because the speed of light is constant, right?
But therein lies the problem, or at least, Einstein realized that this was a problem. Because Newton said that no speed in the universe could be an absolute. But then Maxwell counters this by saving the speed of light is ALWAYS a constant. Which means that these two very universal and very accepted pieces of science are at a contradiction. Which is something you never want in the world of science, trust me.
If you’re still not getting the full picture of why this is a problem, here’s another thought experiment from Einstein to help explain it.
Imagine you are at a train station, and you are standing out on the platform when a storm comes. Then, out of the blue, two lightning bolts strike on either side of you. Because of your position in the middle of these lightning bolts, you perceive them at the exact same time, and the light reaches you at that same time.

Theory Of Relativity: Einstein’s Twin Paradox!

#InsaneCuriosity #Theory of Relativity #PhysicsHowTheUniverseWorks

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What If There Were Only 1,000 People Left on Earth?

What If There Were Only 1,000 People Left on Earth?

With so many amazing things happening in the world today, what could possibly go wrong? Well…A giant asteroid is barrelling on a collision course with Earth, and life as we know it is on the brink. After the smoke clears…
How do we start over? Where would we live? What might we do differently?

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What If is a mini-documentary web series that takes you on an epic journey through hypothetical worlds and possibilities. Join us on an imaginary adventure through time, space and chance while we (hopefully) boil down complex subjects in a fun and entertaining way.

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