Tag Archives: earth

Tianwen -1: China wants To Take Mars Too!



Despite the fact that the Chinese were the first to tinker with rockets a thousand years ago, although for purposes certainly not peaceful, in the most recent space race China has decided to get involved only in 1970.
A majestic crescendo, which is being followed by the current attempt to drop a rover on Mars as well.
Will it succeed?
In fact, the mission, whose launch took place in the early hours of July 23 from the Wenchang space center, is particularly ambitious. If all goes well, in fact, for the first time in the history of Martian exploration a single spacecraft will bring to the Red Planet an orbiter, a lander and a rover, with a scientific load of 13 instruments: seven mounted on board the spacecraft that will enter in orbit around the planet, and six on board the rover that will be released shortly after the landing module will rest on Martian soil.
– –
Subscribe for more videos ►
Business Enquiries ► Lorenzovareseaziendale@gmail.com
We have Another Channel ► “Down The Rabbit Hole”
– –
The “Questions to the Sky” (Tian-wen in Chinese) is the name of a text attributed to the poet Qu Yuan, who lived between the fourth and third centuries BC, a work that takes the form of a series of questions in verse with which the author questions some fundamental philosophical and scientific issues. Evidently now China hopes to find the answer to some of these questions, considering that the space probe currently traveling to Mars has decided to give the name Tianwen-1. A name that according to the Chinese Space Agency will be given to all of China’s planetary exploration missions, signifying the Chinese nation’s perseverance in pursuing truth and science and exploring nature and the universe.
– –
“If You happen to see any content that is yours, and we didn’t give credit in the right manner please let us know at Lorenzovareseaziendale@gmail.com and we will correct it immediately”

“Some of our visual content is under an Attribution-ShareAlike license. ( in its different versions such as 1.0, 2.0, 3,0, and 4.0 – permitting commercial sharing with attribution given in each picture accordingly in the video.”

Credits: Ron Miller
Credits: Mark A. Garlick / MarkGarlick.com
Credits: Nasa/Shutterstock/Storyblocks/Elon Musk/SpaceX/ESA/ESO
Credits: Flickr

#InsaneCuriosity #Chinatianwen1 #Mars

source

Multiverse Theory: Are We A Part Of Infinite Parallel Realities?



Is our Universe just one of many in an infinite, ever-expanding multiverse? What exactly is the multiverse? Is it just a speculation of us humans or could it be that our universe is a part of a multiverse? In this article we will discuss these questions.
——————————————————————————————-
Subscribe for more videos:
Business Enquiries: lorenzovareseaziendale@gmail.com
——————————————————————————————-
We have used the theory of multiple universes in cosmology, physics, philosophy, astronomy, religion, science fiction, comic books and fantasy. But we will look at the scientific aspect of it. We will only focus on the evidences and facts and observations made by astronomers and then draw a conclusion on the topic. 
The three dimensional world which we witness in our daily lives may just be an illusion where there is no distinction between past, present and future. But how is it possible? How can we be so wrong about something so familiar? These questions bother almost all astronomers and physicist. It’s a groundbreaking possibility that opens up a whole different world for us. We will discuss an important Question. What if alternative Universes are being formed all the time? The Big Bang might not be a unique event. We might live In a duplicate parallel reality among the many other parallel realities.  Somewhere there’s a duplicate of you, me and everyone else. Are we in a Universe or a Multiverse? 
Uniqueness is an idea so usual that no one questions it. A recent picture of the cosmos is coming to light, where nothing is unique. This recent picture challenges the notion of Uniqueness, in which duplicates of things are unavoidable. There might be duplicates, not only of objects but of me, you and everyone else.  And if it’s right, where are they? Why haven’t we seen them? There was a time when the word Universe meant everything that existed, the notion of more than one universe seemed impossible. But if we go beyond our Milky Way and even beyond the distant galaxies and beyond the end of the observable Universe, we might find that our Universe is not alone. There might be other Universes, in-fact, there might be new universes being born all the time might have stars and even a planet that looks familiar. We may be live in an expanding sea of Multiverse! Some of these might not have the basic requirements for the formation of matter. Others might have planets, stars and Galaxies that look familiar to us but with a slight difference. And if there are many other Universes out there, some might be even identical to ours except for the slightest Details. For Example, in any other parallel reality, it might be possible I am the Prime Minister of India. And if the multiverse exists, we will have to encounter a lot of possibilities that might exist. There could be other places where duplicates of me would exist and would think, act and speak in the same way as I do, but with some slight differences. 
Is it science, is it religion, is it Philosophy? As a Physicist we should not and we don’t ask these questions. We follow the logic, and the logic leads there. There was a time when people thought Earth was at the centre of the Cosmos and everything else that exists revolved around us. Then scientists like Galileo and Copernicus showed us it’s the sun that’s at the centre of our solar system. And our solar system is just a little neighbourhood in our Gigantic Galaxy. And our galaxy, it’s among the billions of galaxies that make up our universe. These ideas sounded shocking and outrageous when they were first suggested, but now we don’t even think to question these ideas. The idea of different alternate universes or the multiverse might be the same.  It just requires a radical change in our perspective of the cosmos. 
So let’s talk about where did the idea of Multiverse came from? What are the evidences of its existence? Well, a lot of astonishing discoveries and theories have suggested we may be a part of the multiverse. The very first among them is the Big Bang, the theory of the origin of our universe. According to this theory, our Universe began 13.8 billion years ago in a very hot and dense, violen* explosio* of a very tiny primordial nugget. Over millions and millions of years the universe cooled down and it lead to the formation of Stars, galaxies and planets. The universe is still expanding because of that explosio*. But there’s one major piece of this theory that’s missing. The Big Bang tells nothing about what caused the explosio*, throwing everything outwards. What caused the BANG? So, what furled the violen* explosio*? What force could set everything moving outwards? 
In 1979, a young physicist Alan Guth laid the foundation of the idea of the multiverse.

Written By Prayag Pandey

#InsaneCuriosity #MultiverseTheory

source

Elon Musk Mars City By 2050!



From the mission to Mars, to what it would be like to have it filled with people, join me as we talk about the Elon Musk Mars City By 2050!
——————————————————————————————-
Subscribe for more videos:
Business Enquiries: lorenzovareseaziendale@gmail.com
——————————————————————————————-
Elon Musk is a man on a mission, and that mission is to get humanity not just to Mars, but to get them to Mars in this decade. This is why he built his own space organization in SpaceX, to do what NASA (at the time) couldn’t do, inspire the need to be in space again. And he has succeeded, and now, SpaceX is not only one of the leading places in all space travel designs and plans, but they are indeed looking to be the group to send a person to Mars. But the plans go beyond that, he doesn’t just want to land a person on the surface of Mars and say he’s done (which is what we did with the moon if you really think about it), but he wants to set up a colony there.
Surely you must be thinking, “well a colony would be nice, but that’ll take some time to get up and running, right?” And you’re absolutely right. It will take a lot of time and effort, but some of the work is already being done because of SpaceX via their Starship. You see, the biggest problem with getting to Mars…is getting to Mars. We for the longest time barely had something that could get us to the moon and back safely, and even then (like Apollo 13) it was very easy to screw up. With SpaceX though, they’ve been working on faster, stronger, and most importantly of all, reusable craft that can operate in space, come back to Earth, and then be outfitted again for future missions. And it’s this Starship class of ship that we’d be taking to Mars to go and make a colony.
Musk wrote in a message that the eventual goal for his “Mars plan” is to launch each Starship vehicle three times per day on average. Each Starship will be able to carry about 100 tons of payload to orbit, so, at that flight rate, every vehicle would loft about 100,000 tons annually, he explained.
Now, Musk may sound like he’s just spouting out a number here (and if we’re being honest…he kind of is) but in truth, he is trying to abide by the laws of space and reality. What do we mean by that? Simple, when it comes to the facts of space travel, having the right windows to travel in are essential. Not the least of which is trying to minimize travel time by making sure you are in the correct windows.
Confused? I’ll explain. Think about the solar system we are in, ok? Think about how every planet orbits around the sun. Now, if you were to look at Mercury, and its orbit, and then compare it to Earth’s orbit, you would see quite easily that its orbit was shorter than Earths by a very good margins. 88 days compared to 365. So now, compare the Earth’s orbit around the sun to Mars. 365 days…to 867 days. Yeah…that’s quite a leap. And because of that, the Earth and Mars aren’t in the same alignment most times. Thus, Musk, NASA and others are aiming to try and get people to Mars within certain windows.
“Building 100 Starships/year gets to 1000 in 10 years or 100 megatons/year or maybe around 100k people per Earth-Mars orbital sync,” he said in a tweet.
So for him, he’s thinking REALLY long term by not just trying to get to Mars, but also trying to make it so WHEN we get there, and we have enough time and resources to make a true colony, we have the ships necessary to get a full colony made in a decent amount of time. By “decent amount of time” I mean about 50-100 years. Yeah, this is not a quick process, however, the quicker we get started, the quicker we get done, right? And that’s one of Musk’s biggest goals. Trying to do things now instead of hoping something will develop later to make things more speedy. Because waiting around just isn’t good when you’re trying to shape the human race towards its future.
After hearing some of his numbers, he stated one fan asked if he was seriously stating that we could have a million people on Mars by 2050. His response?
“Yes.”
Obviously that would go against his timeline we just spelled out in part because of how long it would take to MAKE a colony that could house a million people and be both functional and self-sustaining, but hey, goals!
Before we talk about whether these goals are feasible or not, be sure to like the video or dislike it so that we can work to make these videos as best we can for you the viewer! Also, be sure to subscribe to the channel, that way you don’t miss ANY of our weekly videos!
So let’s break this down, shall we? Could we really have a full-on colony city on Mars by 2050 that has a million or so people on it?

Credits: Nasa/Shutterstock/Storyblocks
credits: wolf gang (cc by-sa 2.0)

#InsaneCuriosity #ElonMusk #2050 #ColonizingMars #MarsFactsAndHistory

source

At What Height Does Outer Space Begin?



These days, spacecraft are venturing into the final frontier at a record pace. And a deluge of paying space tourists should soon follow. But to earn their astronaut wings, high-flying civilians will have to make it past the so-called Kármán line.
This boundary sits some 100 kilometers above Earth’s surface, and it’s generally accepted as the place where Earth ends and outer space begins.
– –
Subscribe for more videos ►
Business Enquiries ► Lorenzovareseaziendale@gmail.com
– –
From a cosmic point of view, 100 km is a stone’s throw… and is also a limit that falls abundantly within the domain of the gravitational attraction of the Earth and its atmosphere. So, how did humans come to accept this relatively nearby location as the defining line between Earth and space?
The answer is partly based on physical reality and partly based on an arbitrary human construct. That’s why the exact altitude where space begins is something scientists have been debating since before we even sent the first spacecraft into orbit.
Where, exactly, is the edge of space? It depends on who you ask.
With more countries and commercial companies heading into the stratosphere, the debate about how to define outer space is heating up.
Ask someone where outer space is, and they’ll probably point at the sky. It’s up, right? Simple.
Except, no one really knows where “air space” ends and “outer space” begins. That might sound trivial, but defining that boundary could matter for a variety of reasons – including, but not limited to, which high-flying humans get to be designated as astronauts.
Now, with V. Galactic seemingly on the cusp of launching paying passengers onto suborbital trajectories, many people are wondering whether those lucky space tourists will earn their astronaut wings. As of right now, they will, according to U.S. practices.
Is that a problem? “No, I think it’s great!” says NASA astronaut Mike Massimino, who in 2002 with the mission STS -109 Columbia contributed to the repair of the Hubble Space Telescope.
Here, we take a look at the ways space is currently defined, the confusion surrounding the demarcation, and what the future might bring.
International treaties define “space” as being free for exploration and use by all, but the same is not true of the sovereign airspace above nations. The laws governing air space and outer space are different; flying a satellite 88 km above China is just fine if space begins at 80 km up, but define the edge at 96 km, and you might find your satellite being treated as an act of military aggression…
– –
“If You happen to see any content that is yours, and we didn’t give credit in the right manner please let us know at Lorenzovareseaziendale@gmail.com and we will correct it immediately”

“Some of our visual content is under an Attribution-ShareAlike license. ( in its different versions such as 1.0, 2.0, 3,0, and 4.0 – permitting commercial sharing with attribution given in each picture accordingly in the video.”

Credits: Ron Miller
Credits: Mark A. Garlick / MarkGarlick.com
Credits: Nasa/Shutterstock/Storyblocks/Elon Musk/SpaceX/ESA/ESO
Credits: Flickr

#InsaneCuriosity #OuterSpace #Astronauts

source

3 Nations Arrive On Mars!

3 Nations Arrive On Mars!

The Mars race to the red planet has long appeared to be exclusive to the biggest billionaires and their corporate backups, but someone else has crossed the white ribbon first. We’ll talk about these folks and more in today’s episode!
– –
Subscribe for more videos ►
Business Enquiries ► Lorenzovareseaziendale@gmail.com
We have Another Channel ► “Down The Rabbit Hole”
– –

If you’re like me who loves all the news going around about the red planet, you probably would have already heard about the biggest players in the game of getting to Mars first. Of course, first and foremost, there’s the ever popular SpaceX program by Elon Musk. Then we also have Blue Origin by Jeff Bezos.You can really tell that there’s really huge interest in bagging the medal of being the first corporate entity to bring Earth to Mars. I mean, for something to get two of the world’s biggest billionaires? I don’t think they are men who like to waste time on anything they wouldn’t believe have any value whatsoever. Be honest, guys. Who among these two did you place your bets on?
Well, if you did place any money on either of them, then I have bad news for you.

After beginning their 480 million kilometer journey — or, for you Americans watching the show, about 300 million miles — mid July last year, Mars gets visited by not just one, but two unmanned space probes just this February 10th. The first one, arriving at the 9th was United Arab Emirates’ Hope, followed by China’s Tianwen-1 just about a day after.

This amazing feat placed both countries as the fifth and sixth cultures from Earth to successfully be welcomed by our vermillion neighbor. The first four to make it there were, firstly of course, the USA, followed by, India, the old Soviet Union and Europe through the European Space Agency.

Actually, if we include NASA’s Perseverance arriving by the 18th, that puts Elon and Jeff way, way behind. Keep up, boys!

As of the current moment, Hope and Tianwen-1 are already orbiting the Martian atmosphere. A Herculean challenge that they completed with flying colors.

The amazing feat that these two spacecraft accomplished is already super impressive, considering that about half of missions sent to Mars were unsuccessful. You see how many crash-and-burns SpaceX missions had in its lifetime, right?

But, okay, I know that Mars appears to be an extremely popular destination for some of the most important entities and individuals in the world, but these missions did not go there just to have a vacation. Let’s talk about what these probes were sent there to do, shall we? Let’s begin with the first to get there, UAE’s flagship interplanetary mission, Hope…or Al-Amal, as locally known in Arabic.

UAE is not entirely a newbie in terms of sending instruments in space. Officially speaking, Hope is the fourth one in their resume. You can imagine the level of sophistication in the technology that they are bringing, with the history of space missions they have already launched.
Now, let’s move on to the next visitor to our sister planet and potential future home: China’s Tianwen-1. I’d like to talk about the name for a bit before going any further, because I just can’t get over the fact that it is an extremely poetic name.

One translation of the probe’s name is “a quest for the heavenly truth”.
Last but not the least, let’s now talk about the last visitor to Mars, NASA’s Perseverance. Or Percy for short. Pretty cute name, isn’t it?

Following a long line of predecessors, one including the popular names such as Opportunity and Curiosity, this probe is tasked with a mission to know more about the Red Planet. Upon arriving within the vicinity of Mars, it’s scheduled to land on the Jezero Crater.

And did I tell you that Percy didn’t come all by himself? The rover is also carrying Ingenuity, a robotic helicopter that will serve as a part of a handful of tech demonstrations that will be carried out by the rover. The mini helicopter is aimed to determine the feasibility of flight on the red planet. Moreover, Ingenuity will fly over the landing site of Perseverance to help plan its route better, and to look for targets that could be interesting to pick up.

– –
“If You happen to see any content that is yours, and we didn’t give credit in the right manner please let us know at Lorenzovareseaziendale@gmail.com and we will correct it immediately”

“Some of our visual content is under an Attribution-ShareAlike license. ( in its different versions such as 1.0, 2.0, 3,0, and 4.0 – permitting commercial sharing with attribution given in each picture accordingly in the video.”

Credits: Ron Miller
Credits: Mark A. Garlick / MarkGarlick.com
Credits: Nasa/Shutterstock/Storyblocks/Elon Musk/SpaceX/ESA/ESO
Credits: Flickr

#InsaneCuriosity #MarsRace #MarsMission

source

Einstein's Theory of Relativity Made Easy!

Einstein’s Theory of Relativity Made Easy!

From what it is, to its impact on the world at large, join us as we explore Einstein’s Theory of Relativity made easy, and explain it so everyone can understand it. (Simplified)

Subscribe for more videos:

Watch Our “Wormhole Theory Explained – Breaking Spacetime!”

So where do we start with something as big and as complicated as the Theory of Relativity? I’m sure some of you wouldn’t even know what it is outside of its name, which is fine. But I’m sure you do know the man who came up with the idea, Albert Einstein. Einstein is revered as one of the smartest people to ever live, and he helped shape how we perceive both our world and our universe. So it might surprise you that this very brilliant man once started off as nothing more than a patent clerk. No, really, he did, and that’s part of the origin story to the Theory of Relativity.
Because one day, after doing his work at the patent office, he went on a trolley car to go home. And he would do this day after day after day. This is important because while he was on that car, he would think about the universe at large. He would ask himself questions and try to figure out the answers as best he could with the information he had. And one day, he was going away from a clock tower when he asked what would happen if the car he was on was going away from the clock tower…at the speed of light.
This may seem like an odd question to ask, but lightspeed travel is something that scientists are honestly trying to achieve right now, and these questions were truly the building blocks of this really happening. Anyway, back to the clock tower. Einstein theorized, as well as realized, that if he was moving the speed of light (which if you don’t know is 299,792,458 meters per second), the hands on the clock tower (meaning the minute hand and the hour hand) would quite literally appear to stop in place.
But, he also knew that while he himself was traveling at the speed of light and seeing everything stop more or less, everyone who was at the clock tower, and seeing things in “normal time” would not see them stop. The clock tower and its hands would keep ticking along as if nothing wrong.
Yet in this experiment, for Albert Einstein, time had literally slowed down, and it was at this moment that the “light bulb” went off in his head. Because it was through this experiment that he realized that if you go faster and faster through space, you’re actually causing time to go slower around you. But how was this possible if time was quite literally a constant force in the universe?
To try and answer this, Einstein would look to some of the other fathers of science to try and figure out the missing points in his equation. For example, he looked at the three laws of motion via Sir Isaac Newton. Newton notes that while objects do move at a certain speed, their values are never an absolute. Mainly because every speed we go at is based on a force imparted on something, or relative to something else. Such as how a car can go 65 miles per hour on a highway…but that’s only because the ground and friction ALLOW it to do so. No friction on the road? You’re not going that speed. Thus why he notes that every speed has to have “in respect to” another force or object that is allowing or perceiving that object’s speed.
However, in contrast, there is James Clark Maxwell, the father of electromagnetism, who notes that of all the things in the universe, it is light that is fixed. And as noted, light goes 299,792,458 meters per second. That will never change. That speed is another constant force in the universe. Anyone, anywhere in the world, or even anywhere in the universe will be able to determine that the speed of light is the same, it won’t change, and that’s part of the reason why the universe works like it does, because the speed of light is constant, right?
But therein lies the problem, or at least, Einstein realized that this was a problem. Because Newton said that no speed in the universe could be an absolute. But then Maxwell counters this by saving the speed of light is ALWAYS a constant. Which means that these two very universal and very accepted pieces of science are at a contradiction. Which is something you never want in the world of science, trust me.
If you’re still not getting the full picture of why this is a problem, here’s another thought experiment from Einstein to help explain it.
Imagine you are at a train station, and you are standing out on the platform when a storm comes. Then, out of the blue, two lightning bolts strike on either side of you. Because of your position in the middle of these lightning bolts, you perceive them at the exact same time, and the light reaches you at that same time.

Theory Of Relativity: Einstein’s Twin Paradox!

#InsaneCuriosity #Theory of Relativity #PhysicsHowTheUniverseWorks

source

What If There Were Only 1,000 People Left on Earth?

What If There Were Only 1,000 People Left on Earth?

With so many amazing things happening in the world today, what could possibly go wrong? Well…A giant asteroid is barrelling on a collision course with Earth, and life as we know it is on the brink. After the smoke clears…
How do we start over? Where would we live? What might we do differently?

Transcript and sources:

Join this channel to get access to perks:

Subscribe to our second channel called “How to Survive”:

Watch more what-if scenarios:
Planet Earth:
The Cosmos:
Technology:
Your Body:
Humanity:

T-shirts and merch:
Suggest an episode:
Newsletter:
Feedback and inquiries:

What If elsewhere:
Instagram:
Twitter:
Facebook:
What If in Spanish:
What If in Mandarin:
Podcast:

Thank you to our supporters:
Batman
Kristopher Kirby

What If is a mini-documentary web series that takes you on an epic journey through hypothetical worlds and possibilities. Join us on an imaginary adventure through time, space and chance while we (hopefully) boil down complex subjects in a fun and entertaining way.

Produced with love by Underknown in Toronto:

source

What If We Settled on an Exoplanet?

What If We Settled on an Exoplanet?

Are you looking for a change of scenery? Are you tired of boring old Earth?
How would you like a new home away from home? Really far away from home. Like outside our Solar System far. What exoplanet would suit us best? Are there any pros? And more importantly, what are the cons?

Transcript and sources:

Join this channel to get access to perks:

Subscribe to our second channel called “How to Survive”:

Watch more what-if scenarios:
Planet Earth:
The Cosmos:
Technology:
Your Body:
Humanity:

T-shirts and merch:
Suggest an episode:
Newsletter:
Feedback and inquiries:

What If elsewhere:
Instagram:
Twitter:
Facebook:
What If in Spanish:
What If in Mandarin:
Podcast:

Thank you to our supporters:
Batman
Kristopher Kirby

What If is a mini-documentary web series that takes you on an epic journey through hypothetical worlds and possibilities. Join us on an imaginary adventure through time, space and chance while we (hopefully) boil down complex subjects in a fun and entertaining way.

Produced with love by Underknown in Toronto:

source

Hope: The First "Emirates Mars Mission"!

Hope: The First Emirates Mars Mission!

Every nation right now is racing to make contact with Mars, if not in person, then at least with a robotic spacecraft in preparations for humans to one day land on the red planet.

And I hope you’re all as excited as we are for a new nation joining the quest towards exploring Mars, we’re talking about the United Arab Emirates.

Yes, the United Arab Emirates is going to be the first Arab and gulf region country to send a scientific mission to the red planet on July 20th. How exciting!
China’s Tianwen -1 Mars Mission!
——————————————————————————————-
Subscribe for more videos:
Business Enquiries: lorenzovareseaziendale@gmail.com
——————————————————————————————-
The motivation for the mission started back in the year 2014, and along six years, the United Arab Emirates Space Agency and its collaborators around the world went into planning the mission and designing its probe, and now, the UAE nation’s dream is finally going to become a reality.

The official name of the mission is “Emirates Mars Mission” and the probe was given the name “Hope Probe” to represent the hope of the Emirati youth and nation to conquer space exploration starting with a mission towards Mars.

Fun fact, the word “Hope” in Arabic is “Amal”, to pronounce it correctly, think of George Clooney’s wife; “Amal Clooney”, it’s literally the same name!

The 200 million dollar mission will be worth every cent, not only for the massive scientific advancements, but also for being the first in the Arab region and the Middle East to push its limits and visit the red planet.

The “Emirates Mars Mission” will not be landing on Mars, it is designed as a probe to orbit the planet and gather information remotely. The probe is very light weight with only 1.35 Kilograms (2.97 pounds) including fuel, and dimensions up to 3 meter x 7.9 meters (9.8 feet x 25.9 feet) and that’s while the solar panels are open.

The probe is equipped with 600 watts solar panels to collect enough power for the equipment on board and a 1.85 meter (72 inch) antenna to communicate back and forth with Earth.

But what exactly will the probe be doing up there orbiting Mars?

The mission goals are aligned with the international goals of “The Mars Exploration Program Advisory Group”; an international group that decides the most important scientific questions to be answered regarding Mars.

The group proposes 4 major scientific goals, the “Emirates Mars Mission” is specially concerned with the second of these goals which is to understand the processes and history of climate on Mars, and more specifically, to study the lower and upper atmosphere of the planet.

These goals are further broken down into 3 scientific objectives:
1. Analysing the lower Martian atmosphere to understand the climate dynamics.
2. Analysing the upper Martian atmosphere to understand the weather changes and the escape of Hydrogen and Oxygen.
3. Identifying why Mars is losing Hydrogen and Oxygen into space.

In satisfying these objectives, the “Hope Probe” will be Mars’ first ever weather satellite; continuously monitoring Mars’ weather during all the seasons from an orbital inclination of 25 degrees and a minimum orbital distance of 20000 kilometers (12.4 thousands miles) to a maximum of 43000 kilometeres (26.7 thousands miles.)

The “Emirates Mars Mission” objectives will be realised by 3 instruments aboard the “Hope Probe”:

The first is the “Emirates Mars Infrared Spectrometer” or (EMIR) for short, this instrument will study the atmosphere of the red planet in the infrared spectrum of light, and it has a spatial resolution of 100 to 300 kilometers.

The spectrometer will scan Mars’ lower atmosphere to understand the distribution of water vapor and ice water as well as dust, and It will also observe the thermal conditions of Mars’ atmosphere.

The second is the “Emirates Exploration Imager” or (EXI) for short which is a camera that takes 12 megapixel high resolution coloured images of Mars and observes the Martian atmosphere in both the visible and the ultraviolet spectrums of light.

The visible light system has a surface resolution of 4.6 km per pixel when the probe is at the farthest point to the planet and a resolution of 2.2 km per pixel at the nearest point.

The ultraviolet light system on the other hand, has a surface resolution of 4.9 km per pixel at the farthest point, and a resolution of 2.3 km per pixel at the nearest point.
The control and operation of the “Hope Probe” will be a collaborative effort between facilities across the world not only in the United Arab Emirates, let’s start with the launch itself that will entirely be under the control of the Japanese Space Agency (JAXA.)

#InsaneCuriosity #HopeEmiratesMarsMission #HopeMarsMission #MarsFactsAndHistory

source