Tag Archives: insane curiosity

Why Is It Hard To Colonize Mars?



Being the second smallest planet in the solar system and named after the Roman god of war, Mars is considered to be a desolate, frigid and inhospitable rock whose colonization is one of the biggest challenges in our century.
Curious to know why it is so hard to colonize Mars? Keep Watching!
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Mars exploration and colonization have been a fantasy and a really hard challenge for Humans in the current century. However, we are working to make this dream a reality where NASA is planning to put humans on Mars by the end of 2030. One of the biggest challenges is transporting astronauts and payload across the 34 million miles of space that exists between Mars and Earth, however, upon their arrival; humans will have to face many other challenges during the course of their mission. For instance, they will have to find solutions for life threatening problems such as the lack of water, thin atmosphere, the high levels of radiation, toxic soil, cold temperatures and low gravity. In this video, we’ll talk about each factor of these serious problems in detail.

1- Lack of Water, As we all know, water is the most important and essential factor when it comes to the lives of humans and their survival. However, Mars does not contain water or at least it does not contain water in a form suitable for human usage. There were signs of water on the red planet illustrated in some images sent by The Mariner 9 and Viking space probes back to the 1970s. Moreover, in 2018, a study was published in the science journal reporting that an approximately 12 miles in width lack; had been found and it’s located about a mile below the south pole of Mars. Additionally, scientists had found eight regions on Mars where soil erosion had uncovered huge areas of ice deposits below the Martian surface. In 2019, the American Geophysical Union reported that they located layers of ice and sand buried a mile beneath Mars’s north pole. All of this information demonstrates that Mars does contain water on its surface, however, the technology required to extract this embedded water is not available to us, Yet. NASA is working on this problem through forming partnerships in order to advance their mining technologies for use in space exploration. The results of these partnerships are very promising where in July 2019, along with Honeybee Robotics and the University of Central Florida, NASA showed off a prototype spacecraft that is called “The World Is Not Enough” or WINE, for short, it is a prototype of the size of a microwave oven specifically designed to mine soil on asteroids, extract water from this soil and then use it to generate steam in order to propel itself to its next mining destination. It’s a truly promising technology but it can be adapted to harvest water for Mars exploration.

2- Thin Atmosphere, an atmosphere is one of the most important factors that a planet must acquire in order to support human life and survival. However, Mars’s atmosphere is very thin and it’s made up of all the wrong combinations of gases. For example, it’s mostly composed of carbon dioxide, approximately 95.3% of Mars’s atmosphere is carbon dioxide which is a very high ratio compared to less than 1% on Earth. Moreover, Mars’s atmosphere has barely any oxygen, around 0.13% compared to 21% on Earth, which is very unfortunate due to the fact that humans need oxygen to breath. In addition to this, Mars’s atmosphere contains a very small ratio of nitrogen, around 2.7% compared to 78% on Earth which is also very unfortunate due to the fact that plants need nitrogen to survive.
Besides the wrong combinations of gases in Mars’s atmosphere, the atmospheric pressure is unfortunately quite low , around 6.1 millibars compared to 1,013.25 millibars on Earth.
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#InsaneCuriosity #MarsFactsAndHistory #MarsColonization

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The Event Horizon: What If You Fell Into A Black Hole?



My name is Claude, and I’m a gas cloud. I spent a big part of my life orbiting around what humans call a “black hole event horizon”.
A black hole is a well known and respectable object in our Universe, and we – the gas clouds, orbit around him all life long. 
We, the gas clouds, don’t know exactly why we are here and what’s next.
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One day they are telling jokes and dancing with us, orbiting around the black hole, the other they take a dangerous step in a dangerous direction….the process starts…
Anyway, we don’t know much about it, because once the stretching – or spaghettification – process (as humans call it) takes place, our cloud friends can no more communicate with us.
They just…slowly fade away.
During my journey around the black hole, I’ve seen many of them going and never coming back, and they didn’t even say goodbye, because they couldn’t.
But I remember that sometimes before they got swallowed by the black hole, some of them said to me that they felt like…an attraction to the centre of it.
And now I feel it too.
That’s why I decided to write this letter to you: I want you to continue studying what the hel is going on here and why gas clouds disappear. 
I think everybody is here for a purpose and maybe ours is to fade away, plunging in the black hole to bring new knowledge to you.
We are sure you won’t disappoint us.

This is what a cloud orbiting just next to the event horizon of a black hole would write if it could send a letter to humans.
How do I know that?
Follow me on this video to get to know more about what happens at the EVENT HORIZON of a Black Hole!
The event horizon is a part of a black hole.
In plain language, it could be described as a point of no return.
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#InsaneCuriosity #lblackholeeventhorizon #blackholes

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What Is The Fermi Paradox?



Looking up at the night sky we can see an epic beauty above which is insane and blow away our minds. But beside this beauty there can be something scary also out there or maybe not. As C .Clarke said “ We are either alone in this universe or we are not. And both these ideas are equally scary. I think by know you would have guessed what we are talking about -Aliens. This concept of extra terrestrial life has played an important role in science fiction, which have introduced a wide range of theoretical ideas and also many conspiracy theories.

But many of you might be thinking why do we intend to find this extra terrestrial life and why haven’t we found them? Why search for them because they could have the potential to destroy us Well we think yes it might be the case but its our human nature and curiosity to find answers and also it will answer our important question, That are we alone in this universe?
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The universe is very vast and has billions of galaxies. These billions of galaxies have trillions and trillions of planets and many among them are habitable too. So where are they? The universe should be filled with spaceships and stuffs but where are they? But before that lets talk about how we look for life in outer project. The Search for extraterrestrial life abbreviated as SETI is an organisation that looks for life in Outer space. We use radio astronomy to look for outer life by sending signals out there in space and receiving and analysing signals. You all might have seen the movie Contact in which Jodi Foster sits in the desert and listens for signals from space. Well its not like that, all the analysing is done through complex computers. But why only radio? The aliens could be using some developed and advanced ways of communication, something like hyper-dimensional communication. It might be the case but we cannot detect that means of communication. Radio might be low-tech but can used to send signals to far distances in space. Radio can pass through interstellar dusts that block most of the light and other signals. A good example of that is the first image of black hole that was recently revealed by scientist with the help of radio telescopes all around the world.

According to a new analysis from scientists at the University of Nottingham, we don’t have a lot of alien company.On June 15, two researchers published a paper in the Astrophysical Journal arguing that the Milky Way – which sports about 250 billion stars – could host as few as 36 alien societies. That’s a small number, and rather less than the number of races that have appeared in Star Trek. NASA Kepler space telescope found habitable planets and based on its data scientist found out that nearly all stars have planets, probably more than one. Scientist usually determine it by observing if the planet is in the habitable zone of a star where liquid water can exist and atmosphere like Earth could exist. In our solar system also we have a habitable planet with water and life and thats our Earth. But there are other systems also in our solar system with liquid water. Jupiters moon Europa has a deep ocean below the frozen ice on the surface and life could exist there. We already know life can develop in extreme environments and evolves and Earth is a good example of that.

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#InsaneCuriosity #TheFermiParadox #Aliens

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SETI Creepy Technosignatures We Might Detect



We will talk about SETI, that stands for “Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence” program, and the 10 technosignatures of alien civilizations that we hope we’ll never detect!
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First, let’s resume briefly what’s the main purpose of the SETI program, for those among you that don’t know what SETI is.
An interstellar journey to visit another civilization in a distant world, at least for now, is beyond the technological possibilities of human civilization. However, we are able to use very sensitive receivers to search the sky for any radio signals of artificial origin, generated by non-human civilizations
SETI is a very complex project: it is a program dedicated to the search for extraterrestrial intelligent life, evolved enough to be able to send radio signals into the cosmos. The program also takes care od sending signals of our presence to any other civilizations able to pick them up.
Proposed in 1960 by Frank Drake (still one of its directors), in 1974 the SETI institute was finally born.
The starting point for the SETI program was the discovery that exoplanets are common. This has radically changed our view of the universe.
The likelihood that there are habitable worlds elsewhere in the universe seems more plausible than ever before. Astronomers are developing new instruments to help search for life on other planets. By analyzing data from exoplanets and identifying biosignatures (or technosignatures), we will be able to search for habitable planets and the presence of life.

But what are biosignatures and technosignatures?
A technosignature is any measurable property or effect that provides scientific evidence of past or present technology. Technosignatures are analogous to the biosignatures that signal the presence of life, whether or not intelligent.
Today we will focus on some of the creepiest and saddest technosignatures we might detect in the future – with the help of better technologies.
1)Necrosignatures
One type of SETI technosignatures that we aren’t very likely to ever see – but remains possible – is the concept of a necrosignature, the idea of seeing an alien civilization at or near the moment of its extinction. If you think about it, it is probably one of the creepiest types of evidence for an alien civilization that we could ever find.
2) Galactic tombstones
Imagine you were an advanced alien from an advanced civilization that it’s about to turn the lights off because of a fata* error it made, and wanted to give some warning signs to other civilizations out there: one of the sadder possibilities within speculation about alien civilizations is that we may not find a thriving galaxy-spanning
3) Incomprehensible signals
Imagine if you were a human from 5000 years ago and someone handed you a computer: you not only wouldn’t know what it was or what it did: you would be missing much of the basic knowledge at the device to even figure it out.
4) Messages from dea* universes and beyond.
Have you ever heard of the theory stating that this we’re living in is just one of the infinite series of repeating universe?

5) Vanishing stars
Nowadays, we are collecting samples from the moon and from comets, such as the Rosetta mission and the Hayabusa Japanese Mission!
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#InsaneCuriosity #SETI #AlienLife

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Astronews Recent Space Discoveries (Iss News, Betelgeuse Mystery, Zhurong, Perseverance & More)



#InsaneCuriosity #astronews #recentspacediscoveries
Welcome to the ninth review of “Space and Astronomy” news, selected for you by Insane Curiosity Channel.
The news, which will be weekly, will try to provide a quick overview of everything interesting that has happened in recent days in the field of astronomical research and space exploration.
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1 Astronauts install new solar panels in 6-hour spacewalk on International Space Station
Working outside the International Space Station two astronauts successfully rolled out a new type of solar array, providing the orbiting outpost with its first power boost in decades.

2 China Orbital Station receives visit from three astronauts The Shenzhou-12 spacecraft docked with China’s space station module hours after launch from Jiuquan last June 16, marking the first crewed visit to the facility.
Shenzhou-12 and its crew of three launched on a Long March 2F from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center at 9:22 p.m. Eastern June, 16.
The spacecraft docked with the Tianhe space station core module at 3:54 a.m. June 17, six hours 32 minutes after launch.

3Great Dimming of Betelgeuse star is solved. Maybe

Astronomers say they’ve put to bed the mystery of why one of the most familiar stars in the night sky suddenly dimmed just over a year ago.
Do you remember? Betelgeuse, a red supergiant in the constellation of Orion, abruptly darkened in late 2019, early 2020.

China releases stunning images of Mars taken by its Zhurong rover

The Zhurong rover, named after a god of fire in Chinese mythology, landed on the Utopia Planitia region of Mars last May 15. This is China’s first Mars mission, making it the second country to land a rover on the planet, after the United States.
The rover sent back its first images of Mars in May, several days after landing, showing a deployed ramp and the flat landscape where it arrived.

OK, It’s Time for Perseverance to get to Work

Given all of the news surrounding the landing and first few months of operation of the Perseverance rover on Mars, it might be surprising that its actual science mission hasn’t even started yet. That changed on June 1st when the rover officially kicked off its first science mission by leaving its landing site.
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What Is A White Hole?



What Is A White Hole? The universe is definitely filled with a lot of strange objects, but what if the strangest and most mysterious object that we know has another level of strangeness we haven’t come across yet? Find out what it is in today’s episode!

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We have explained white holes.
When I was young, I came across Bertrand Russell’s floating teapot in the solar system, you know, the one that you can and can’t say doesn’t exist? Back at that time, I certainly thought “Wow, the universe couldn’t get any stranger than this!”

But as I grew older, I’ve stumbled upon a huge number of other things that are definitely stranger than a floating teapo: There are binary stars consuming one another, magnetars, what strange force pulls objects towards the center of the Laniakea supercluster, and many more. At this point, I thought “okay, a teapot floating about just way past Pluto seems more regular”. Anybody suddenly thirsty for some tea?

Okay, enough about kitchenware free falling several million kilometers from us. Today, I want to talk about another mysterious cousin of the planets and the stars; today, let’s talk about white holes.

Now, I get it. I know that name sounds utterly unrealistic and totally made up, but I swear this is going to be worth your time.

According to Kant, one of the most geniuses to ever exist, we can only understand something in reference to another thing that we already know. For instance, to be able to describe what a dragon is, early humans have used reptiles as a reference.

And although the result is a purely fictional creature in today’s standards, it certainly has generated a lot of crazy tales and marvelous stories.

So, borrowing from that notion, to help us understand exactly what white holes are, let’s compare it in contrast with the thing that is a complement of its nature: Let’s compare it with black holes, and see what how they are similar and different.

Okay, now that we have a strategy in place. Why don’t we start with the simplest definition that we can say about a white hole.

In an extremely rudimentary sense, a white hole is..well, the opposite of a black hole. Like, totally literally. Let me explain.

If you can recall one of the simplest definitions of a black hole that one can find is that it is an object in space wherein nothing — not even light — can escape. Even information, the only thing that people thought before would be impossible to break apart, would also break inside a black hole. Can you even begin to imagine how strong that is? Well if you can’t, we made an entire feature about black holes so why don’t you go check that out after watching this video?

So okay, if that’s a black hole, what’s a white hole then? An object or region in space where everything can escape? If that’s your answer, that’s very close but not quite. Good analogy, though!

Think of watching an open manhole in the road where water falls in. When the current is strong, you can place a small object on it and it gets sucked automatically, right? This is like the black hole. Now, imagine going underground and you’re now looking straight up on the manhole where water is pouring onto you. It will feel like things will just come into it with no obstruction at all. This is how you can think of how a white hole works.

In a basic sense, a white hole is a region in space that nothing can ever enter from the outside. The only thing that’s certain is that things — matter and light — can only come out of it. Imagine how bright white holes could be! And the level of radiation here could imply that calling it a “white hole” could be a severe oversimplification.

Another thing that these two universal twins have in common is that they both have their own event horizon, do you remember what that is?

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#InsaneCuriosity #WhiteHole #BlackHole

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Found Exoplanet Orbiting In A Triple Star System!



In 2009, NASA’s Kepler mission was launched.
Kepler was a space telescope designed to survey a portion of the Milky Way galaxy in search of exoplanets, which are planets outside our solar system.
Using data from the Kepler mission and the extended K2 mission, scientists have identified more than 2,800 candidate exoplanets and have confirmed more than 2,600 of these as bona fide planets. It is the case of the KOI-5Ab exoplanet, one of the first candidates to be found by the mission.
What makes KOI-5Ab so interesting?
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OI-5Ab was only the second planet candidate to be found by the mission, and exciting as it was at the time, it was ultimately set aside as Kepler racked up more and more planet discoveries.
In fact, by the end of the spacecraft’s operations in 2018, Kepler had discovered a whopping 2,394 exoplanets or planets orbiting stars beyond our sun, and an additional 2,366 exoplanet candidates that would still need confirmation.
In fact, scientists must gather many observations and carefully analyze their data before they can be even somewhat sure that they’ve discovered new worlds. 
But what is it needed to get a…confirmation?
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#InsaneCuriosity #Exoplanets #TriplestarSystem

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3 Nations Arrive On Mars!

3 Nations Arrive On Mars!

The Mars race to the red planet has long appeared to be exclusive to the biggest billionaires and their corporate backups, but someone else has crossed the white ribbon first. We’ll talk about these folks and more in today’s episode!
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If you’re like me who loves all the news going around about the red planet, you probably would have already heard about the biggest players in the game of getting to Mars first. Of course, first and foremost, there’s the ever popular SpaceX program by Elon Musk. Then we also have Blue Origin by Jeff Bezos.You can really tell that there’s really huge interest in bagging the medal of being the first corporate entity to bring Earth to Mars. I mean, for something to get two of the world’s biggest billionaires? I don’t think they are men who like to waste time on anything they wouldn’t believe have any value whatsoever. Be honest, guys. Who among these two did you place your bets on?
Well, if you did place any money on either of them, then I have bad news for you.

After beginning their 480 million kilometer journey — or, for you Americans watching the show, about 300 million miles — mid July last year, Mars gets visited by not just one, but two unmanned space probes just this February 10th. The first one, arriving at the 9th was United Arab Emirates’ Hope, followed by China’s Tianwen-1 just about a day after.

This amazing feat placed both countries as the fifth and sixth cultures from Earth to successfully be welcomed by our vermillion neighbor. The first four to make it there were, firstly of course, the USA, followed by, India, the old Soviet Union and Europe through the European Space Agency.

Actually, if we include NASA’s Perseverance arriving by the 18th, that puts Elon and Jeff way, way behind. Keep up, boys!

As of the current moment, Hope and Tianwen-1 are already orbiting the Martian atmosphere. A Herculean challenge that they completed with flying colors.

The amazing feat that these two spacecraft accomplished is already super impressive, considering that about half of missions sent to Mars were unsuccessful. You see how many crash-and-burns SpaceX missions had in its lifetime, right?

But, okay, I know that Mars appears to be an extremely popular destination for some of the most important entities and individuals in the world, but these missions did not go there just to have a vacation. Let’s talk about what these probes were sent there to do, shall we? Let’s begin with the first to get there, UAE’s flagship interplanetary mission, Hope…or Al-Amal, as locally known in Arabic.

UAE is not entirely a newbie in terms of sending instruments in space. Officially speaking, Hope is the fourth one in their resume. You can imagine the level of sophistication in the technology that they are bringing, with the history of space missions they have already launched.
Now, let’s move on to the next visitor to our sister planet and potential future home: China’s Tianwen-1. I’d like to talk about the name for a bit before going any further, because I just can’t get over the fact that it is an extremely poetic name.

One translation of the probe’s name is “a quest for the heavenly truth”.
Last but not the least, let’s now talk about the last visitor to Mars, NASA’s Perseverance. Or Percy for short. Pretty cute name, isn’t it?

Following a long line of predecessors, one including the popular names such as Opportunity and Curiosity, this probe is tasked with a mission to know more about the Red Planet. Upon arriving within the vicinity of Mars, it’s scheduled to land on the Jezero Crater.

And did I tell you that Percy didn’t come all by himself? The rover is also carrying Ingenuity, a robotic helicopter that will serve as a part of a handful of tech demonstrations that will be carried out by the rover. The mini helicopter is aimed to determine the feasibility of flight on the red planet. Moreover, Ingenuity will fly over the landing site of Perseverance to help plan its route better, and to look for targets that could be interesting to pick up.

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#InsaneCuriosity #MarsRace #MarsMission

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Einstein's Theory of Relativity Made Easy!

Einstein’s Theory of Relativity Made Easy!

From what it is, to its impact on the world at large, join us as we explore Einstein’s Theory of Relativity made easy, and explain it so everyone can understand it. (Simplified)

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So where do we start with something as big and as complicated as the Theory of Relativity? I’m sure some of you wouldn’t even know what it is outside of its name, which is fine. But I’m sure you do know the man who came up with the idea, Albert Einstein. Einstein is revered as one of the smartest people to ever live, and he helped shape how we perceive both our world and our universe. So it might surprise you that this very brilliant man once started off as nothing more than a patent clerk. No, really, he did, and that’s part of the origin story to the Theory of Relativity.
Because one day, after doing his work at the patent office, he went on a trolley car to go home. And he would do this day after day after day. This is important because while he was on that car, he would think about the universe at large. He would ask himself questions and try to figure out the answers as best he could with the information he had. And one day, he was going away from a clock tower when he asked what would happen if the car he was on was going away from the clock tower…at the speed of light.
This may seem like an odd question to ask, but lightspeed travel is something that scientists are honestly trying to achieve right now, and these questions were truly the building blocks of this really happening. Anyway, back to the clock tower. Einstein theorized, as well as realized, that if he was moving the speed of light (which if you don’t know is 299,792,458 meters per second), the hands on the clock tower (meaning the minute hand and the hour hand) would quite literally appear to stop in place.
But, he also knew that while he himself was traveling at the speed of light and seeing everything stop more or less, everyone who was at the clock tower, and seeing things in “normal time” would not see them stop. The clock tower and its hands would keep ticking along as if nothing wrong.
Yet in this experiment, for Albert Einstein, time had literally slowed down, and it was at this moment that the “light bulb” went off in his head. Because it was through this experiment that he realized that if you go faster and faster through space, you’re actually causing time to go slower around you. But how was this possible if time was quite literally a constant force in the universe?
To try and answer this, Einstein would look to some of the other fathers of science to try and figure out the missing points in his equation. For example, he looked at the three laws of motion via Sir Isaac Newton. Newton notes that while objects do move at a certain speed, their values are never an absolute. Mainly because every speed we go at is based on a force imparted on something, or relative to something else. Such as how a car can go 65 miles per hour on a highway…but that’s only because the ground and friction ALLOW it to do so. No friction on the road? You’re not going that speed. Thus why he notes that every speed has to have “in respect to” another force or object that is allowing or perceiving that object’s speed.
However, in contrast, there is James Clark Maxwell, the father of electromagnetism, who notes that of all the things in the universe, it is light that is fixed. And as noted, light goes 299,792,458 meters per second. That will never change. That speed is another constant force in the universe. Anyone, anywhere in the world, or even anywhere in the universe will be able to determine that the speed of light is the same, it won’t change, and that’s part of the reason why the universe works like it does, because the speed of light is constant, right?
But therein lies the problem, or at least, Einstein realized that this was a problem. Because Newton said that no speed in the universe could be an absolute. But then Maxwell counters this by saving the speed of light is ALWAYS a constant. Which means that these two very universal and very accepted pieces of science are at a contradiction. Which is something you never want in the world of science, trust me.
If you’re still not getting the full picture of why this is a problem, here’s another thought experiment from Einstein to help explain it.
Imagine you are at a train station, and you are standing out on the platform when a storm comes. Then, out of the blue, two lightning bolts strike on either side of you. Because of your position in the middle of these lightning bolts, you perceive them at the exact same time, and the light reaches you at that same time.

Theory Of Relativity: Einstein’s Twin Paradox!

#InsaneCuriosity #Theory of Relativity #PhysicsHowTheUniverseWorks

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Hope: The First "Emirates Mars Mission"!

Hope: The First Emirates Mars Mission!

Every nation right now is racing to make contact with Mars, if not in person, then at least with a robotic spacecraft in preparations for humans to one day land on the red planet.

And I hope you’re all as excited as we are for a new nation joining the quest towards exploring Mars, we’re talking about the United Arab Emirates.

Yes, the United Arab Emirates is going to be the first Arab and gulf region country to send a scientific mission to the red planet on July 20th. How exciting!
China’s Tianwen -1 Mars Mission!
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The motivation for the mission started back in the year 2014, and along six years, the United Arab Emirates Space Agency and its collaborators around the world went into planning the mission and designing its probe, and now, the UAE nation’s dream is finally going to become a reality.

The official name of the mission is “Emirates Mars Mission” and the probe was given the name “Hope Probe” to represent the hope of the Emirati youth and nation to conquer space exploration starting with a mission towards Mars.

Fun fact, the word “Hope” in Arabic is “Amal”, to pronounce it correctly, think of George Clooney’s wife; “Amal Clooney”, it’s literally the same name!

The 200 million dollar mission will be worth every cent, not only for the massive scientific advancements, but also for being the first in the Arab region and the Middle East to push its limits and visit the red planet.

The “Emirates Mars Mission” will not be landing on Mars, it is designed as a probe to orbit the planet and gather information remotely. The probe is very light weight with only 1.35 Kilograms (2.97 pounds) including fuel, and dimensions up to 3 meter x 7.9 meters (9.8 feet x 25.9 feet) and that’s while the solar panels are open.

The probe is equipped with 600 watts solar panels to collect enough power for the equipment on board and a 1.85 meter (72 inch) antenna to communicate back and forth with Earth.

But what exactly will the probe be doing up there orbiting Mars?

The mission goals are aligned with the international goals of “The Mars Exploration Program Advisory Group”; an international group that decides the most important scientific questions to be answered regarding Mars.

The group proposes 4 major scientific goals, the “Emirates Mars Mission” is specially concerned with the second of these goals which is to understand the processes and history of climate on Mars, and more specifically, to study the lower and upper atmosphere of the planet.

These goals are further broken down into 3 scientific objectives:
1. Analysing the lower Martian atmosphere to understand the climate dynamics.
2. Analysing the upper Martian atmosphere to understand the weather changes and the escape of Hydrogen and Oxygen.
3. Identifying why Mars is losing Hydrogen and Oxygen into space.

In satisfying these objectives, the “Hope Probe” will be Mars’ first ever weather satellite; continuously monitoring Mars’ weather during all the seasons from an orbital inclination of 25 degrees and a minimum orbital distance of 20000 kilometers (12.4 thousands miles) to a maximum of 43000 kilometeres (26.7 thousands miles.)

The “Emirates Mars Mission” objectives will be realised by 3 instruments aboard the “Hope Probe”:

The first is the “Emirates Mars Infrared Spectrometer” or (EMIR) for short, this instrument will study the atmosphere of the red planet in the infrared spectrum of light, and it has a spatial resolution of 100 to 300 kilometers.

The spectrometer will scan Mars’ lower atmosphere to understand the distribution of water vapor and ice water as well as dust, and It will also observe the thermal conditions of Mars’ atmosphere.

The second is the “Emirates Exploration Imager” or (EXI) for short which is a camera that takes 12 megapixel high resolution coloured images of Mars and observes the Martian atmosphere in both the visible and the ultraviolet spectrums of light.

The visible light system has a surface resolution of 4.6 km per pixel when the probe is at the farthest point to the planet and a resolution of 2.2 km per pixel at the nearest point.

The ultraviolet light system on the other hand, has a surface resolution of 4.9 km per pixel at the farthest point, and a resolution of 2.3 km per pixel at the nearest point.
The control and operation of the “Hope Probe” will be a collaborative effort between facilities across the world not only in the United Arab Emirates, let’s start with the launch itself that will entirely be under the control of the Japanese Space Agency (JAXA.)

#InsaneCuriosity #HopeEmiratesMarsMission #HopeMarsMission #MarsFactsAndHistory

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