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China's Chang'e 5 Successfully Lands On Moon

China’s Chang’e 5 successfully lands on Moon!
China has successfully put another probe on the Moon.
Its robotic Chang’e-5 mission touched down on December 1st 2020, with the aim of collecting samples of rock and dust to bring back to Earth.
The venture has targeted Mons Rümker, a high volcanic complex in a nearside region known as Oceanus Procellarum.
The lander is expected to spend the next couple of days examining its surroundings and gathering up surface materials.
It has a number of instruments to facilitate this, including a camera, spectrometer, radar, a scoop and a drill.
The intention is to package about 2kg of “soil”, or regolith, to send up to an orbiting vehicle that can then transport the samples to Earth.
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“Follow me on this journey to learn more about this amazing mission program and to understand how we accomplished this aim: we made it thanks the hard work made by Chinese Engineers during the last twenty years.”

Chang’e 5  was launched on 23 November 2020 at 20:30 UTC and landed on the Moon on 1 December 2020, with an expected return to Earth around 16 December 2020. Chang’e 5 will be China’s first sample return mission, aiming to return at least 2 kilograms (4.4 pounds) of lunar soil and rock samples to the Earth. Like its predecessors, the spacecraft is named after the Chinese Moon goddess, Chang’e. 
This is one of the missions that we were waiting for a long time.
We really couldn’t wait for this mission to be launched.
This will be the first lunar sample-return mission since Luna 24 in 1976 and – if successful – would make China the third country to return samples from the Moon after the United States and the Soviet Union. It launched from the Wenchang Satellite launch centre in Hainan Island.
Missions like this are awesome missions: you can choose the place you want for landing, dig a nice hole in the lunar soil and steal some rocks and stuff from its surface. 
Then, you can finally launch a rocket that reaches an orbit around the moon, make it hook to another spacecraft and then launch it on its way back to Earth.
And, if everything worked out well, you can return in the Earth’s atmosphere, where the heat shield does its work and returns home carrying the sample that, until a few days ago, were belonging to the moon.

But let’s go deeper into this mission: what’s the Chinese plan?

This is the sixth Chang’e mission, but it is called Chang’e 5. Oh well, I know this could be a little bit confusing, so let’s see some of Chang’e missions history.
China is carrying out this mission program since 2007.
That was the first time for China to try to reach such a big accomplishment.
Chang’e 1 was thought and launched to orbit around the moon, helping engineers to improve their skills, making experience before launching the second mission, Chang’e 2.
Chang’e 2 was launched in 2010, and after its success it was taken over the lunar orbit, to make a fly in the deep space, in order to see if they could reach Mars with another probe, and some years later, that’s what they actually did: The mission — named Tianwen-1, which means ‘questions to heaven’ — is the country’s first attempt to land on the red planet.

And then it was the time for Chang’e 3 to map the moon.
It let us to find the first landing sites for the moon landing.
Chang’e 3 brought even a rover on the moon, in 2013. This was something which has not happened for several years!
When they finally found a good crater to land on, Chang’e 4 was launched and it landed on the dark side of the moon, a place that has never been explored before.

So, as you can see, the entire program was made of three steps:
1) orbit the moon 
2) moon landing and exploration
3) bringing home moon samples

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Credits: Mark A. Garlick / markgarlick.com
Credits: Ron Miller
Credits: Nasa/Shutterstock/Storyblocks/Elon Musk/SpaceX/ESA
Credits: Flickr
Credits: ESO

#InsaneCuriosity #SpaceColonization #ChinaMoonLanding


3 Nations Arrive On Mars!

3 Nations Arrive On Mars!

The Mars race to the red planet has long appeared to be exclusive to the biggest billionaires and their corporate backups, but someone else has crossed the white ribbon first. We’ll talk about these folks and more in today’s episode!
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If you’re like me who loves all the news going around about the red planet, you probably would have already heard about the biggest players in the game of getting to Mars first. Of course, first and foremost, there’s the ever popular SpaceX program by Elon Musk. Then we also have Blue Origin by Jeff Bezos.You can really tell that there’s really huge interest in bagging the medal of being the first corporate entity to bring Earth to Mars. I mean, for something to get two of the world’s biggest billionaires? I don’t think they are men who like to waste time on anything they wouldn’t believe have any value whatsoever. Be honest, guys. Who among these two did you place your bets on?
Well, if you did place any money on either of them, then I have bad news for you.

After beginning their 480 million kilometer journey — or, for you Americans watching the show, about 300 million miles — mid July last year, Mars gets visited by not just one, but two unmanned space probes just this February 10th. The first one, arriving at the 9th was United Arab Emirates’ Hope, followed by China’s Tianwen-1 just about a day after.

This amazing feat placed both countries as the fifth and sixth cultures from Earth to successfully be welcomed by our vermillion neighbor. The first four to make it there were, firstly of course, the USA, followed by, India, the old Soviet Union and Europe through the European Space Agency.

Actually, if we include NASA’s Perseverance arriving by the 18th, that puts Elon and Jeff way, way behind. Keep up, boys!

As of the current moment, Hope and Tianwen-1 are already orbiting the Martian atmosphere. A Herculean challenge that they completed with flying colors.

The amazing feat that these two spacecraft accomplished is already super impressive, considering that about half of missions sent to Mars were unsuccessful. You see how many crash-and-burns SpaceX missions had in its lifetime, right?

But, okay, I know that Mars appears to be an extremely popular destination for some of the most important entities and individuals in the world, but these missions did not go there just to have a vacation. Let’s talk about what these probes were sent there to do, shall we? Let’s begin with the first to get there, UAE’s flagship interplanetary mission, Hope…or Al-Amal, as locally known in Arabic.

UAE is not entirely a newbie in terms of sending instruments in space. Officially speaking, Hope is the fourth one in their resume. You can imagine the level of sophistication in the technology that they are bringing, with the history of space missions they have already launched.
Now, let’s move on to the next visitor to our sister planet and potential future home: China’s Tianwen-1. I’d like to talk about the name for a bit before going any further, because I just can’t get over the fact that it is an extremely poetic name.

One translation of the probe’s name is “a quest for the heavenly truth”.
Last but not the least, let’s now talk about the last visitor to Mars, NASA’s Perseverance. Or Percy for short. Pretty cute name, isn’t it?

Following a long line of predecessors, one including the popular names such as Opportunity and Curiosity, this probe is tasked with a mission to know more about the Red Planet. Upon arriving within the vicinity of Mars, it’s scheduled to land on the Jezero Crater.

And did I tell you that Percy didn’t come all by himself? The rover is also carrying Ingenuity, a robotic helicopter that will serve as a part of a handful of tech demonstrations that will be carried out by the rover. The mini helicopter is aimed to determine the feasibility of flight on the red planet. Moreover, Ingenuity will fly over the landing site of Perseverance to help plan its route better, and to look for targets that could be interesting to pick up.

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“If You happen to see any content that is yours, and we didn’t give credit in the right manner please let us know at Lorenzovareseaziendale@gmail.com and we will correct it immediately”

“Some of our visual content is under an Attribution-ShareAlike license. ( in its different versions such as 1.0, 2.0, 3,0, and 4.0 – permitting commercial sharing with attribution given in each picture accordingly in the video.”

Credits: Ron Miller
Credits: Mark A. Garlick / MarkGarlick.com
Credits: Nasa/Shutterstock/Storyblocks/Elon Musk/SpaceX/ESA/ESO
Credits: Flickr

#InsaneCuriosity #MarsRace #MarsMission